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Flashcards in FA - Key Associations Deck (164)
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1

Actinic (solar) keratosis

Precursor to squamous cell carcinoma

2

Acute gastric ulcer associated with CNS injury

Cushing ulcer (increase intracranial pressure stimulates vagal gastric secretion)

3

Acute gastric ulcer associated with severe burns

Curling ulcer (greatly reduced plasma volume results in sloughing of gastric mucosa)

4

Alternating areas of transmural inflammation and normal colon

Skip lesions (Crohn disease)

5

Aneurysm, dissecting

hypertension

6

Aortic aneurysm, abdominal and descending aorta

Atherosclerosis

7

Aortic aneurysm, arch

3° syphilis (syphilitic aortitis), vasa vasorum destruction

8

Aortic aneurysm, ascending

Marfan syndrome (idiopathic cystic medial degeneration)

9

Atrophy of the mammillary bodies

Wernicke encephalopathy (thiamine deficiency causing ataxia, ophthalmoplegia, and confusi

10

Autosplenectomy (fibrosis and shrinkage)

Sickle cell anemia (hemoglobin S)

11

Bacteria associated with gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, and stomach cancer

H. pylori

12

Bacterial meningitis (adults and elderly)

Streptococcus pneumoniae

13

Bacterial meningitis (newborns and kids)

Newborns: Group B streptococcus, E.coli

Kids: S. pneumoniae, Neisseria meningitidis

14

Benign melanocytic nevus

Spitz nevus (most common in 1st two decades)

15

Bleeding disorder with GpIb deficiency

Bernard-Soulier syndrome (defect in platelet adhesion to von Willebrand factor)

16

Brain tumor (adults)

Supratentorial:
metastasis >
astrocytoma (including GBM) > meningioma >
schwannoma

MaMs

17

Brain tumor (kids)

Infratentorial:
medulloblastoma (cerebellum) or

supratentorial: craniopharyngioma

18

Breast cancer

Infiltrating ductal carcinoma

19

Breast mass

Fibrocystic change, carcinoma (in postmenopausal women)

20

Breast tumor (benign)

Fibroadenoma

21

Cardiac 1° tumor (kids)

Rhabdomyoma, often seen in tuberous sclerosis

22

Cardiac manifestation of lupus

Libman-Sacks endocarditis (nonbacterial, affecting both sides of mitral valve)

23

Cardiac tumor (adults)

Metastasis, 1° myxoma (4:1 left to right atrium; “ball and valve”)

24

Cerebellar tonsillar herniation

Chiari II malformation

25

Chronic arrhythmia

Atrial fibrillation (associated with high risk of emboli)

26

Chronic atrophic gastritis (autoimmune)

Predisposition to gastric carcinoma (can also cause pernicious anemia)

27

Clear cell adenocarcinoma of the vagina

DES exposure in utero

DES is a synthetic estrogen that used to be given to women prevent miscarriage, premature labor, and related complications of pregnancy.

28

Compression fracture

Osteoporosis
type I: postmenopausal woman; type II: elderly man or woman

29

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia, hypotension

21-hydroxylase deficiency

30

Congenital cardiac anomaly

VSD