Families Flashcards Preview

Sociology 1A06 > Families > Flashcards

Flashcards in Families Deck (23):
1

Two parents and the child or children from their former marriages or intimate unions

Blended families

2

Defined by many sociologists as sets of intimate social relationships that people create to share resources to ensure their welfare and that of their dependants

Families

3

Include cash transfers in the form of direct payments or tax deductions and maternity and parental leave benefits

Income Support Payments

4

Traditional - socially approved, long-term, sexual and economic relationship between man and woman involving reciprocal rights/obligations between spouses and parents and children
Today - common-law marriage and some, including Canada and the US, allow marriage between people of the same sex

Marriage

5

Includes a father, mother, and children living in a privatized household

Nuclear Heterosexual Family

6

Involves the physical and emotional work of bringing new generations into existence and nurturing and caring for both new and older generations in families

Social Reproduction

7

- Policies that assume financial support
- Policies can deter relationship formation

Social Policy

8

- they explain sexual division of labour
- Husbands: “instrumental role”
- Wives: “expressive role”

Structural Functionalism

9

5 functions of families:
1) regulating sexual activity
2) economic cooperation
3) reproduction
4) socialization
5) emotional support
- scope of families were becoming smaller over time
- everyone in family has similar interests and values

Talcott Parsons ( Structural functionalism)

10

- explains impact of industrialization: households were now units of consumption rather than production
- Workplace not safe; women usually protected by staying in the home

Conflict Theory

11

- explains emergence of private property resulted in control over women's fidelity
- When humans could accumulate wealth the traditional nuclear family emerged, where women’s fidelity was reinforced

Frederick Engels

12

- They develop concept of patriarchy
- Potential conflict and abuse and male dominance
- Critique idea of there being one perfect family
- Criticism - patriarchy is problematic

Feminist Theory

13

- They look at how we actively create “family”
- Looking at symbols related to rituals/ceremonies (rings)
- Criticism: emphasis on micro level policies and overlooking impact of larger social structures

Symbolic Interactionism

14

Hunting and Gathering Societies

- Fluid gender roles - men and women had similar roles
- Parents with children but not living in privatized household; on the move, in search for food and survival

15

Pre-Industrial Society

- Household composition determined by labour needs
- Households only supported certain amount of people
- Not clear separation of public and private aspects of the household
- Children had economic value - promoting fertility

16

Industrial Society

- Separation of public and private spheres
- Replaced by large scale production in factories
- Leads to families shrinking down to parents and children
- 1950s: Dramatic shift in family trends and manufacturing
- 1960s: Wives entered paying jobs

17

Divorce

- Increased through 1960s-1980s
- Increased blended families and single parent homes
- 2nd marriages = higher rate

18

Cohabitation

- Increasing
- Some view it as a trial phase before marriage and some use it as a replacement for marriage
- Popular in Quebec

19

Fertility

- Declining; decriminalization contraception, legal abortion
- Postponed childbearing for post secondary education
- Shorter reproductive windows
- Careers that lower availability to raise families
- Many deciding not to have kids

20

- Astronaut families
- Parachute kids
- Multi-family and intergenerational households

Transnational Families

21

- marriage and divorce laws
- income security programs
- child welfare programs
- childcare services

Family Policy

22

- cash transfers; direct payments and tax deductions
- maternity and parental leave benefits
- maintenance payments

Income Support Possibilities

23

Canadian Social Policy vs. Other Countries

- lower benefit levels
- stricter eligibility criteria - excludes a lot of people
- lack of universal childcare