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Sociology 1A06 > Socialization > Flashcards

Flashcards in Socialization Deck (18):

- We need social interaction for brain, intellectual, social and physical development
- Just as important as food and water



- Discovered to be living in nature without care of adults
- Lack of socialization could lead to never developing language

Feral Children


- Friends
- Media
- Education

Agents of Socialization


- Differences in social behaviors that different cultures exhibit around the world
- ex. kissing one's cheeks

Cross-cultural variation


- Childhood: learns the values, norms and behaviors that should be displayed
- Family is the most important agent

Primary Socialization


- Adulthood: learns appropriate behavior to be displayed within a smaller group still part of a larger society
- lengthier and discontinuous such as education

Secondary Socialization


- Process where a person practices or rehearses for future social relationships

Anticipatory Socialization


- Learning new and different set of attitudes, values and behaviours from those of one's background and previous experience



- Making the decision on your own to change and learn new norms in a new society

Voluntary Resocialization


- Forced to readjust to a new lifestyle with new norms and values

Involuntary Resocialization


- Looking glass self: our self concept is tied to how we think people view us
- our interpretation of other's reactions shape who we are

Charles Cooley


- Taking the role of the other: ability to interpret or understand another's perspective
- Ability to take role of the other will shape how we take on certain encounters

George Herbert Mead


Self Developed 4 Stages

1) Imitative (imitating parents)
2) Play (pretending to be other people)
3) Game (able to take on and understand role of several people at same time)
4) Generalized Other (understanding how others see us)


- socially constructed from birth
- emphasize socially constructed gender roles
- explicit or nuanced

Gender Socialization


"Sexual harassment in the workplace" (Welsh and Baker)

- Gender socialization teaches men to be dominant, powerful and competitive
- view women as sexual objects
- women accept it or are non-confrontational
- support services are important


Children's Books

- females underrepresented in stereotypical ways
- male characters were much more prominent and pursued adventures while female characters were very limited and had passive roles


Women and gender socialization

- women are rarely in higher workplace positions
- women taught to be modest about accomplishments
- reluctant to take verbal credit
- usually say "we accomplished" rather than "I"


Gender differences in friendships

- Women have fewer friends but closer friendships (face to face)
- Men have more friends but less close friendships (side by side)