Gender Inequality Flashcards Preview

Sociology 1A06 > Gender Inequality > Flashcards

Flashcards in Gender Inequality Deck (16):
1

Paid and Unpaid Labour

- men earn more than women
- women do more unpaid labour
- channel women towards lower paying jobs and domestic labour

2

Horizontal Occupational sex Segregation

- jobs for men vs. women
- many jobs have more men than women and within these they have different advancements and higher pay
- typical male jobs are higher paid than typical female jobs

3

Vertical Occupational sex Segregation

- variation in pay in same occupation
- female lawyers paid less than male lawyers
- men often given advantages within the same occupation to achieve more pay

4

Impacts of Unpaid Labour

- even in dual income families the women does more unpaid labour
- second shift: impact health emotionally and physically
- narrowing (men doing more women doing less - nannies increase)
- more educated women leads to less time for housework
- support for cultural theory of gender differences
- when asked they say work is equal

5

Health in Marriage

- tends to benefit men's health
- women's caregiving provides protective health benefit for men but not their own

6

Women's Movement

Political campaigns for reforms on issues such as reproductive rights, domestic violence, maternity leave, equal pay, women's suffrage, sexual harassment, and sexual violence
(early wave)

7

Equal Rights Feminists

"suffrage"
- education
- economic rights
- legal rights in family law and child custody

8

Maternal Rights Feminists

"moral crusades and social services"
- argued women are naturally superior to men in morality
- prohibition movement

9

Second Wave Feminism

- sexual revolution
- women's freedom: availability of contraception and abortion
- "the personal is political" meaning they realized many personal private problems were bigger political problems as many dealt with the same
- social structures and institutions were being questioned

10

Third Wave Feminism

- focus on diversity
- recognizing intersecting inequalities
- realize women face many different types of discrimination
- backlash

11

Liberal Feminism

- public sphere, equality of opportunity
- political and economical
- education and labour market
- fought for equal pay and hiring policies
- most influential type of feminism especially in Canada
- but fails to address inequalities in private sphere and not inclusive of all women (helps those in the labour market already rather than those who aren't)

12

Radical Feminism

- private sphere such as violence, sexuality and reproduction
- patriarchy: men's control over women in intimate relationships
- provide reproductive choices like contraception and abortion
- but patriarchy is controversial as not all men are oppressive and also doesn't look at public sphere

13

Marxist Feminist Theory

- say capitalism is source of women's oppression
- empower women by eliminating oppression
- women's unpaid labour supports capitalism
- focused on social class but not other inequalities

14

Socialist Feminist Theory

- capitalism and patriarchy
- we value in radical feminist ideas
- writers agree with Marxism and radical

15

Violence against women: sociological perspective

- women more likely victimized by men because men are typically physically stronger
male violence is rooted in gender inequality
- men believe they have power and dominance
- sexual assault used as a tool of domination

16

Intimate Femicide

- killing of a woman by intimate partner
- 63% of women killings in Ontario
- express male control
- estrangement, common law status, aboriginal women, unemployed males and history of violence can all lead to this
- females viewed as sexual property
- men more likely killed by other man while women are likely to be killed by man they're in relation to