Gender Inequality Flashcards Preview

Sociology 1A06 > Gender Inequality > Flashcards

Flashcards in Gender Inequality Deck (16):

Paid and Unpaid Labour

- men earn more than women
- women do more unpaid labour
- channel women towards lower paying jobs and domestic labour


Horizontal Occupational sex Segregation

- jobs for men vs. women
- many jobs have more men than women and within these they have different advancements and higher pay
- typical male jobs are higher paid than typical female jobs


Vertical Occupational sex Segregation

- variation in pay in same occupation
- female lawyers paid less than male lawyers
- men often given advantages within the same occupation to achieve more pay


Impacts of Unpaid Labour

- even in dual income families the women does more unpaid labour
- second shift: impact health emotionally and physically
- narrowing (men doing more women doing less - nannies increase)
- more educated women leads to less time for housework
- support for cultural theory of gender differences
- when asked they say work is equal


Health in Marriage

- tends to benefit men's health
- women's caregiving provides protective health benefit for men but not their own


Women's Movement

Political campaigns for reforms on issues such as reproductive rights, domestic violence, maternity leave, equal pay, women's suffrage, sexual harassment, and sexual violence
(early wave)


Equal Rights Feminists

- education
- economic rights
- legal rights in family law and child custody


Maternal Rights Feminists

"moral crusades and social services"
- argued women are naturally superior to men in morality
- prohibition movement


Second Wave Feminism

- sexual revolution
- women's freedom: availability of contraception and abortion
- "the personal is political" meaning they realized many personal private problems were bigger political problems as many dealt with the same
- social structures and institutions were being questioned


Third Wave Feminism

- focus on diversity
- recognizing intersecting inequalities
- realize women face many different types of discrimination
- backlash


Liberal Feminism

- public sphere, equality of opportunity
- political and economical
- education and labour market
- fought for equal pay and hiring policies
- most influential type of feminism especially in Canada
- but fails to address inequalities in private sphere and not inclusive of all women (helps those in the labour market already rather than those who aren't)


Radical Feminism

- private sphere such as violence, sexuality and reproduction
- patriarchy: men's control over women in intimate relationships
- provide reproductive choices like contraception and abortion
- but patriarchy is controversial as not all men are oppressive and also doesn't look at public sphere


Marxist Feminist Theory

- say capitalism is source of women's oppression
- empower women by eliminating oppression
- women's unpaid labour supports capitalism
- focused on social class but not other inequalities


Socialist Feminist Theory

- capitalism and patriarchy
- we value in radical feminist ideas
- writers agree with Marxism and radical


Violence against women: sociological perspective

- women more likely victimized by men because men are typically physically stronger
male violence is rooted in gender inequality
- men believe they have power and dominance
- sexual assault used as a tool of domination


Intimate Femicide

- killing of a woman by intimate partner
- 63% of women killings in Ontario
- express male control
- estrangement, common law status, aboriginal women, unemployed males and history of violence can all lead to this
- females viewed as sexual property
- men more likely killed by other man while women are likely to be killed by man they're in relation to