Family Code and Juvenile Issues Flashcards Preview

Texas Basic Peace Officer TCOLEOSE > Family Code and Juvenile Issues > Flashcards

Flashcards in Family Code and Juvenile Issues Deck (21):
1

A person who is:
(A) ten years of age or older and under 17 years of age; or
(B) seventeen years of age or older and under 18 years of age who is alleged or found to have engaged in delinquent conduct or conduct indicating a need for supervision as a result of acts committed before becoming 17 years of age.

Child

2

The adult with whom the child resides.

Custodian

3

The person who, under court order, is the guardian of the person of the child or the public or private agency with whom the child has been placed by a court.

Guardian

4

The judge of a juvenile court.

Judge or juvenile court judge

5

A court designated under Section 51.04 of this code to exercise jurisdiction over proceedings under this title.

Juvenile Court

6

A peace officer as defined by Article 2.12, Code of Criminal Procedure.

Law Enforcement Officer

7

A child who:
(A) is subject to jurisdiction of a court under abuse, dependency, or neglect statutes under Title 5 for reasons other than legally prohibited conduct of the child; or
(B) has been taken into custody and is being held solely for deportation out of the United States.

Non-offender

8

The mother or the father of a child, but does not include a parent whose parental rights have been terminated.

Parent

9

The state, a child who is the subject of proceedings under this subtitle, or the child's parent, spouse, guardian, or guardian ad litem.

Party

10

The county attorney, district attorney, or other attorney who regularly serves in a prosecutory capacity in a juvenile court.

Prosecuting Attorney

11

The referral of a child or a child's case to the office or official, including an intake officer or probation officer, designated by the juvenile board to process children within the juvenile justice system.

Referral to Juvenile Court

12

Any public or private residential facility, including an alcohol or other drug treatment facility, that:
(A) includes construction fixtures designed to physically restrict the movements and activities of juveniles or other individuals held in lawful custody in the facility; and
(B) is used for the placement of any juvenile who has been adjudicated as having committed an offense, any nonoffender, or any other individual convicted of a criminal offense.

Secure Correctional Facility

13

Any public or private residential facility that:
(A) includes construction fixtures designed to physically restrict the movements and activities of juveniles or other individuals held in lawful custody in the facility; and
(B) is used for the temporary placement of any juvenile who is accused of having committed an offense, any nonoffender, or any other individual accused of having committed a criminal offense.

Secure Detention Facility

14

A child who is accused, adjudicated, or convicted for conduct that would not, under state law, be a crime if committed by an adult.

Status Offender

15

(A) a violation of a penal statute cognizable under Chapter 729, Transportation Code, except for conduct for which the person convicted may be sentenced to imprisonment or confinement in jail; or
(B) a violation of a motor vehicle traffic ordinance of an incorporated city or town in this state.

Traffic Offense

16

A court order entered under Section 54.04 concerning a child adjudicated to have engaged in conduct indicating a need for supervision as a status offender.

Valid Court Order

17

Conduct, other than a traffic offense, that violates a penal law of this state or of the United States punishable by imprisonment or by confinement in jail.

Delinquent Conduct

18

Need for Independence
Rebellion Against Authority
Peer Pressure

Factors affecting youth encounters with the police

19

Problem associated with juvenile gang activities:

Geographic Turf

20

Needs met by gangs for juveniles:

Status
Acceptance
Fun/excitement/risk

21

Three phases of gang involvement:

Minor Mischief
Seeking Identity
Drive-by shootings, drugs, killings