U.S. and Texas Constitution, Bill of Rights, and Criminal Justice System Flashcards Preview

Texas Basic Peace Officer TCOLEOSE > U.S. and Texas Constitution, Bill of Rights, and Criminal Justice System > Flashcards

Flashcards in U.S. and Texas Constitution, Bill of Rights, and Criminal Justice System Deck (29):
1

Writs with the objective of bringing a party before a court, or judge.

Writ of Habeas Corpus

2

Which article provides legislative powers to U.S. Congress?

Article 1

3

Which article provides procedure for election of President and Vice-President of the U.S.?

Article 2

4

Which article is responsible for the establishment and jurisdiction of the U.S. Supreme Court?

Article 3

5

A court with cases that are referred first to the court has an:

Original Jurisdiction

6

A court that hears only cases that have been appealed from the lower courts has an:

Appellate Jurisdiction

7

Only crime listed in the U.S. Constitution:

Treason

8

Amendment with freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition.

Amendment I

9

Police - function and role of:

City
County
State
Federal

10

Courts - function and role of:

Municipal
County
State
Federal

11

Correctional System - function and role of:

Municipal fines
County Jail
State Prison
Probation
Parole

12

-Increased arrests causes increase in court docklets.
-Court dispositions increase correctional populations.
-Correctional releases (parole & time complete) often impacts police functions if correctional system fails.

Effects of criminal justice component interaction.

13

Any of various, legally recognized, private injuries or wrongs. A civil action.

Tort

14

The new U.S. Constitution begin on:

September 17, 1787

15

The First Continental Congress was held on:

September, 1774

16

In May, 1775 citizens in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, declared the laws of Parliament to be null and void.

Mecklenburg Resolves

17

The Declaration of Independence occurred on:

July 4, 1776

18

Our nation's first Constitution.

The Articles of Confederation of 1778.

19

The first ten Amendments to the U.S. Constitution:

The Bill of Rights

20

The right of the people to keep and bear arms:

Amendment II

21

The enforced lodging of soldiers in private home is prohibited in peacetime without owner's permission and permitted in wartime in accordance with established law:

Amendment III

22

No one may conduct an unreasonable search and seizure of a citizen's person, house, papers, effects.

Amendment IV

23

Double jeopardy, witness against self; due process; self incrimination. Miranda Rights.

Amendment V

24

Right to a speedy and public trial. Right to counsel. Confronting accuses. Nature of offense.

Amendment VI

25

In a civil suit, a citizen is entitled to have a jury, the rule of common law applied during appeals.

Amendment VII

26

A citizen is entitled to reasonable bail, fine, and punishment.

Amendment VIII

27

Individual's Rights

Amendment IX

28

State's Rights

Amendment X

29

Citizens of each state are also citizens of the United States. State governments (as well as the Federal government) must respect the Constitutional rights of United States citizens.

Amendment XIV