Flashcards in Fascia Deck (24):
What movements are involved in circumduction?
Flexion, extension, adduction, abduction
What is the axial skeleton made up of?
Skull, rib cage, sternum, vertebral column
What is the appendicular skeleton made up of?
Upper and lower limbs
Where does the scapula move in protraction and retraction?
Protraction - laterally
Retraction - closer to vertebral column
What is the upper limb made up of?
Pectoral girdle, humerus, carpal, metacarpal, radius, ulna, phalanges, associated muscle/nerves/vessels
How many carpals and metacarpals do you have in the upper limb?
5 metacarpals and 8 carpals
Which joints make up the elbow joint?
Humero-radial, proximal and distal radio-ulnar, humero-ulnar
What joints are in the upper limb?
Sternoclavicular, acromioclaviular, glenohumeral, elbow joint (3), radio-carpal, intercarpal, carpo-metacarpal, metacarpophlangeal, proximal interphalangeal, distal interphalangeal, physiological scapulothoracic, radius-ulna interosseous membrane
What structures make up the lower limb?
Pelvic girdle, femur, tibia, fibula, tarsals, metatarsals, phalanges, associated muscles nerves and vessels
What makes up the pelvic girdle?
Sacrum and pelvis
How many tarsals and metatarsals do you have?
7 tarsals and 5 metatarsals
What synovial joints are in the lower limb?
Sacro-iliac, talo-crural, hip, knee, femoral-patella, intertarsal, tarsal-meotarsal, metatarsophalangeal, proximal interphalangeal, distal interphalangeal
What other joints are in the lower limb?
Pubic symphysis, tibia-fibula interosseous membrane
What is the pubic symphysis between?
2 sides of the pelvic girdle?
What is the difference between the upper and limb function?
Upper has more movement and for positioning whilst lower has less so more for posture and support
What is the role of muscles?
Attach the bones and hold them in place, indirectly and directly via tendons and fascia
What does fascia attach to?
Ridges on bones and binds with periosteum
What do fascial compartments contain?
Groups of muscles with similar functions and their nerve supply
What are the types of fascia and what is the difference between them?
Superficial fascia made up of loose CT
Depp fascia is tough dense fibrous membrane enclosing compartment
What separates different fascial compartments?
What is the periosteum?
Outer fibrous layer of bone which deep fascia blends with
What is a retinaculum?
Near some joints deep fascia becomes thickened and holds tendons in place so they don't get damaged and tangled during movement (flexion and extension)
What is the negative thing about fascia?
May have infections/tumour in fascial compartment so will spread easily to entire compartment and muscles in them.