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Flashcards in The Elbow Deck (60):
1

What 3 joints make up the articular capsule?

Humeroulnar
Humeroradial
Proximal radioulnar

2

What is the carrying angle of the elbow?

Allows forearm to clear the hips and is important for carrying objects
women have slightly larger than men as hips as there

3

What condyles make up the elbow? What are other names for them?

Capitulum - little head
Trochlea - pulley

4

What are the epicondyles of the elbow?

Lateral to the condyles - medial and lateral

5

What epicondyle do muscles attach to?

Medial epicondyle as it is larger

6

What is the olecranon process?

The posterior hook shaped process on the elbow

7

What are the 2 collateral ligaments and what are their shape?

ulnar collateral
radial collateral
triangular shape

8

What are the 3 ligaments at the elbow?

ulnar collateral
radial collateral
anular ligament

9

Where is the anular ligament?

encircles the head of the radius and keeps the radius in the radial notch of the ulnar

10

What joint does the anular ligament form?

proximal radio-ulnar joint for pronation and suppination

11

What is a sublaxation?

Incomplete dislocation

12

Why is a sublaxation of the promixal radioulnar joint common in infants

Anular ligament attaches loosely to ulna

13

What muscles are used for flexion of the arm?

Biceps brachii

14

Which muscles are used for flexion of the arm?

Triceps brachii

15

Which muscles are used for pronation?

Pronator teres
Pronator Quadratus

16

Which muscles are used for supination?

Suppinator
biceps brachii

17

How many compartments does the upper arm have?

2 - anterior and posterior

18

What is in the posterior compartment of the upper arm?

Shoulder and elbow extensors
Radial nerve

19

What is in the anterior compartment of the upper arm?

Shoulder and elbow flexors
Musculocutaneous nerve

20

What muscles make up the anterior compartment of the upper arm?

Biceps brachii
Brachialis
Coracobrachialis

21

Which nerve innervates the anterior compartment of the upper arm? What are its spinal roots?

Musculocuteneous nerve
C5, C6, C7

22

What does the biceps reflex test for?

C5 and C6 reflex arcs

23

What is the role of the coracobrachialis?

Flexes and adducts shoulder
Resists dislocation

24

Where is the brachialis?

Distal humerus
Coronoid process of ulna

25

What is the role of the brachialis?

Flexes in all positions - even in pronation and suppination

26

What is the function of the biceps brachii?

Flexor at shoulder and elbow
Powerful supinator

27

Do biceps act in flexion of elbow and why?

brachi attaches to radius so is affected by pronation and supination, tendon of biceps gets wrapped around radius

28

What does the short head of the biceps brachii attach to?

Coracoid process

29

What does the long head of the biceps brachii attach to?

Supraglenoid tubercle just above scapula, is lateral to short

30

When you do swan and flex upper arms which mucles are used and why?

pronation - just brachialis
if just flex hand inwards - supination brachialis and biceps brachii
biceps brachii is affected by flexion as contacts radius but brachialis is just connecting to ulna so can flex in all directions

31

What muscles are in the posterior compartment of the upper arm?

Triceps
Anconeus

32

WHat nerve is in the posterior compartment of the bdoy and what are its roots?

Radial Nerve (C5-T1)
C 7,8

33

What does the triceps reflex test for?

C7 and C8 reflex arcs

34

Where is the aconeus?

Lateral epicondyle of humerus to olecranon

35

What is the role of the aconeus?

helps triceps in elbow extension

36

What is the function of the triceps brachii?

elbow extensor

37

What are the heads of the triceps brachii?

Long head (infraglenoid tubercle of scapula)
Lateral head
Medial head

38

Which head crosses the shoulder joint?

Long head of the triceps brachii

39

Where does the radial nerve run?

Between medial and lateral head of the triceps brachii
Right on the back of the humerus

40

What can cause a radial nerve damage?

Fracture to humerus shaft

41

What is the pathway of the radial nerve? Which compartment is it in?

The Radial nerve runs in the posterior compartment of the arm, but pierces the intermuscular septum to run anterior to the lateral epicondyle at the elbow

42

What is the pathway of the ulnar nerve? Which compartment is it in?

The Ulnar nerve runs in the anterior compartment of the arm, and pierces the intermuscular septa to pass posterior to the medial epicondyle to enter the forearm

43

What is the funny bone and why do you get a sensation?

Medial epicondyle is funny bone and you are compressing your ulna nerve

44

What is the pathway of the musculocutaneous nerve? Which compartment is it in?

The Musculocutaneous nerve supplies the muscles of the anterior compartment of the arm, and the emerges lateral to the biceps as the lateral cutaneous nerve of the forearm

45

What is the pathway of the median nerve? Which compartment is it in?

The Median nerve runs in the anterior compartment of the arm, and crosses the anterior aspect of the elbow to enter the anterior compartment of the forearm

46

Where does the pronator teres run?

from medial condyle to radius

47

Where does the pronator quadratus run?

anteriorly between radius and ulna

48

What occurs during pronation?

Pronator teres and pronator quadratus contract so get shorter pulling radius over ulna.

49

What bursa do you have at the elbow joint?

Deep (subtendinous) olecranon bursa
Intratendinous olecranon bursa
Superficial (subcutaneous) olecranon bursa

50

Where is the Deep (subtendinous) olecranon bursa

Between olecranon and triceps tendon

51

Where is the intratendinous olecranon bursa

Sometimes present in triceps tendon

52

Where is the Superficial (subcutaneous) olecranon bursa

Located in subcutaneous connective tissue

53

What is bursistis?

Affects Superficial (subcutaneous) olecranon bursa
Swelling
students elbow

54

What is the cubital fossa?

Anterior depression in front of elbow joint – superficial veins of the arms are here -

55

What is another name for the cubital fossa?

Antecubital fossa

56

Where are the medial cubital veins?

Superficially in the subcutaneous tissue overlying the cubital fossa are the median cubital veins, related to the basilic and cephalic veins.

57

What is the tendon in the elbow?

Bicipital Aponeurosis

58

What are the arteries of the arm?

Brachial artery
Collateral branches
Profunda brachii
Ulnar artery
Radial artery

59

Where does the brachial artery branch and into what?

Right after cubital fossa into ulna and radial arteries

60

What does the cubital fossa actually contain?

Terminal part of brachial artery
Bicipital aponeurosis - tendon
Deep veins (brachial veins)
Median nerve