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Flashcards in Federalism Deck (19)
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1

Reasons why Canada is federalism

Cultural history
Geography
Values and beliefs
Global forces
Industry
Economics

2

What is federalism?

The division of power between the Federal, provincial, and municipal levels of government.

3

Our federal system of government

In 1867, the 4 colonies made up Canada and decided the government structure.

The federal system of government was chosen because of difficulties in governing. (Climate, culture, etc.)

It was thought to make Canada an easier country to govern.

4

Divisions of power

The federal and provincial levels of government were given different jurisdictions.

The federal gov. would take care of issues that involved the whole nation.

Provincial gov. would look after regional issues.

5

Jurisdictions definition

The authority to make and carry out laws in certain areas.

6

Jurisdictions

Federal: RCMP, labour, agriculture

Provincial: education, highways, hospitals

Municipal: public transit, garbage collection, zoning of land

7

Shared powers (shared and residual)

The federal and provincial governments share power in the areas of agriculture, immigration, natural resources, and a number of others.

8

Residual powers (shared and residual)

Areas not specifically listed are given to the federal gov. (Eg. new tech-internet)

9

Conclusion

The federal gov. is granted broader power.

Federalism allows Canada to be governed more effectively-responsibility is shared among the different levels of gov.

10

Diagram

Federalism
Federal. Provincial. Municipal
Executive. Executive. Executive
Legislative. Legislative. Legislative
Judicial. Judicial. Judicial

11

Levels of government

Federal, provincial, municipal

12

Branches of government

Executive, legislative, judicial

13

Role of executive

Carries out the plans and policies of the government.

Institutes laws and makes sure they are followed.

14

Role of legislative

Has the power to make and change laws

Introduces laws and votes on them.

15

Role of Judicial

Interprets laws and determines if a law has been broken and what penalties should result.

16

Where does the Prime Minister fit?

There is a fusion of power between the executive and legislative branches of power.

The Prime Minister and his caucus sit in the House of Commons and can introduce legislation.

Prime Minister is a regular MP.

17

MP

Member of Parliament

18

A system of checks and balances

Each branch of gov. is a check on he power of the other.

It was designed so that no one branch of gov. doesn’t hold all the power.

One branch, all power= abuses of power.

19

The 7 rights

Presumption of innocence
Burden of proof
Precedent
Equality before the law
Fair and speedy trial
Habeas corpus