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Flashcards in Female Repro Deck (12):
1

1. Which of the following has only shelf-like cristae in their mitochondria?
A. granulosa cells of a secondary ovarian follicle
B. Leydig cells in the testes
C. granulosa lutein cells in the ovary
D. theca lutein cells in the ovary
E. theca interna cells of a Graafian follicle

A. granulosa cells of a secondary ovarian follicle

2

2. Which of the following is absent from a primary ovarian follicle?
A. oogonium
B. zona pellucida
C. granulosa cells
D. basal lamina or basement membrane
E. theca folliculi

A. oogonium

3

3. What is released from the ovary at ovulation?
A. secondary oocyte
B. zona pellucida
C. first polar body
D. corona radiata & liquor folliculi
E. all of the above

E. all of the above

4

4. Which of the following statements concerning the uterine tube is FALSE?

A. The epithelial lining comprises ciliated and secretory (peg) cells.
B. The relative number of ciliated cells increases in concert with estrogen levels.
C. The infundibular fimbriae capture the ovulated oocyte and transport it by ciliary action into the tubal lumen.
D. Fertilization usually occurs in the isthmus.
E. The oocyte is transported to the uterus via peristaltic contractions of the smooth muscle of the muscularis.

D. Fertilization usually occurs in the isthmus.

5

5. Each of the following might be found in a normal 30-year old nonpregnant female, EXCEPT:

A. primary oocyte in a primordial ovarian follicle
B. primary oocyte in a secondary ovarian follicle
C. secondary oocyte in a Graafian follicle
D. secondary oocyte in a secondary ovarian follicle
E. secondary oocyte in the uterine tube

D. secondary oocyte in a secondary ovarian follicle

6

6. Consider the uterus. Which of the following is FALSE?

A. The endometrium is entirely shed during menstruation
B. The myometrium is composed of inner circular and outer longitudinal layers of smooth muscle
C. The endometrium is thickest during the proliferative phase of the menstrual cycle
D. None of the above
E. All of the above

E. All of the above

7

7. Which of the following is most commonly found in a corpus albicans?
A. antrum
B. abundant collagen
C. glassy membrane
D. granulosa cells
E. zona pellucida

B. abundant collagen

8

8. The fimbriae of the uterine tube:

A. are most abundant in the ampulla
B. are physically continuous with the germinal epithelium at the hilum of the ovary
C. are finger-like projections of mucosal tissue that become swollen with blood and enlarged close to the time of ovulation
D. contain large amounts of smooth muscle that contract so they can grasp the ovulated oocyte
E. Only move to the area of follicular rupture just before ovulation

C. are finger-like projections of mucosal tissue that become swollen with blood and enlarged close to the time of ovulation

9

9. The cervix:

A Contains branched glands that may develop into large Nabothian cysts if their openings become blocked
B. has a mucosa that is not shed during menstruation
C. secretes mucus whose consistency changes during the menstrual cycle to form a more favorable environment for sperm migration near the time of ovulation
D. Usually contains the squamo-columnar junction (transition zone) between "vaginal" and "cervical" epithelium in females before puberty and after menopause
E. All of the above are true.

E. All of the above are true.

10

10. Consider the vagina. Which of the following is FALSE?

A. contains many thin-walled veins that become engorged with blood during sexual arousal, much like erectile tissue in the male
B. contains numerous mucus-secreting glands that provide lubrication for coitus
C. lined by a minimally keratinized (nonkeratinized) stratified squamous epithelium
D. Surface cells are rich in glycogen. This provides food for normal vaginal bacteria (lactobacilli) that then maintain an acid luminal pH.
E. Acidic vaginal fluid helps protect against unwanted bacterial and yeast infections.

B. contains numerous mucus-secreting glands that provide lubrication for coitus

11

11. The antrum of a maturing ovarian follicle is denoted by which one of the following characteristics?
A. Thickening of the zona pellucida
B. Hypertrophy of the theca interna
C. Dilatation of an intercellular space
D. Vacuolization of the theca externa

C. Dilatation of an intercellular space

12

12. The decreased number of oocytes in the ovaries of a 45-year-old woman is achieved primarily by which one of the following processes?

A. Arrested mitosis
B. Ovulation
C. Crossing over
D. Atresia
E. Arrested meiosis

D. Atresia