Female Reproductive System Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Female Reproductive System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Female Reproductive System Deck (122)
Loading flashcards...
1

ovaries

pair of almond shaped organs located in the pelvic cavity. Egg cells are formed and stored in the ovaries

2

ovum (pl. ova)

female egg cell

3

graafian follicles

100,000 microscopic sacs that make up a large portion of the ovaries. each follicle contains an immature ovum. Normally one graafian follicle develops to maturity every month between puberty and menopause. It moves to the surface of the ovary and releases the ovum, which passes into the uterine tube.

4

uterine or fallopian tubes

pair of tubes, attached to the uterus, that provide a passageway for the ovum to move from the ovary to the uterus

5

fimbria (pl fimbriae)

finger like projection at the end of the uterine tube

6

uterus

pear shaped/sized muscular organ that lies in the pelvic cavity, except during pregnancy when it is in the abdominal cavity. Its functions are menstruation, pregnancy, and labor

7

endometrium

inner lining of the uterus

8

myometrium

muscular middle layer of the uterus

9

perimetrium

outer thin layer that covers the surface of the uterus

10

corpus. or body

large central portion of the uterus

11

fundus

rounded upper portion of the uterus

12

cervix (CX)

narrow lower portion of the uterus

13

vagina

a 3 inch tube that connects the uterus to the outside of the body

14

hymen

fold of membrane found near the opening of the vagina

15

rectouterine pouch

pouch between the posterior wall of the uterus and the anterior wall of the rectum

16

Batholin glands

pair of mucus-producing glands located on each side of the vagina and just above the vaginal opening

17

mammary glands, or breasts

pair of milk producing glands of the female. Each breast consists of 15 to 20 divisions, or lobes

18

mammary papilla

breat nipple

19

areola

pigmented area around the breast nipple

20

vulva, or external genitalia

two pairs of lips that surround the vagina

21

clitoris

highly erogenous erectile body located anterior to the urethra

22

perineum

pelvic floor in both male and female. In females it usually refers to the area between the vaginal opening and the anus

23

arche/o

first, beginning

24

cervic/o

cervix

25

colp/o, vagin/o

vagina

26

culd/o

cul-de-sac

27

episi/o, vulv/o

vulva

28

gynec/o, gyn/o

woman

29

hymen/o

hymen

30

hyster/o, metr/o, metr/i

uterus