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Flashcards in Urinary System Deck (136)
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1

kidneys

Two bean-shaped organs located on each side of the vertebral column on the posterior wall of the abdominal cavity behind the parietal peritoneum. Their function is to remove waste products from the blodd and to aid in maintaining water and electrolyte balance

2

nephron

urine-producing microscopic structure. Approximately 1 million nephrons are located in each kidney.

3

glomerulus (pl. glomeruli)

cluster of capillaries at the entrance of the nephron. the process of filtering the blood, thereby forming urine, begins here.

4

renal pelvis

funnel-shaped reservoir that collects the urine and passes it to the bladder

5

hilum

indentation on the medial side of the kindy where the ureter leaves the kidney

6

ureters

two slender tubes, approxiamtely 10 to 13 inches long, that receive the urine from the kidneys and carry it to the posterior portion of the bladder

7

urinary bladder

muscular, hollow organ that temporarily holds the urine. As it fills, the thick, muscular wall becomes thinner, and the organ increases in size.

8

urethra

lowest part of the urinary tract, through which the urine passes from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body.

9

urinary meatus

opening through which the urine passes to the outside

10

cysto, vesic/o

bladder, sac

11

glomerul/o

glomerulus

12

meat/o

meatus (opening)

13

nephr/o, ren/o

kidney

14

pyel/o

renal pelvis

15

ureter/o

ureter

16

urethr/o

urethra

17

albumin/o

albumin

18

azot/o

urea, nitrogen

19

blast/o

developing cell, germ cell

20

glyc/o, glycos/o

sugar

21

hydr/o

water

22

lith/o

stone, calculus

23

noct/i

night

24

olig/o

scanty, few

25

son/o

sound

26

tom/o

cut, section

27

urin/o, ur/o

urine, urinary tract

28

-gram

record, radiographic image

29

-iasis, -esis

condition

30

-lysis

loosening, dissolution, separating