Fighting Disease 19th/20th Cen Flashcards Preview

GCSE History Medicine > Fighting Disease 19th/20th Cen > Flashcards

Flashcards in Fighting Disease 19th/20th Cen Deck (17)
Loading flashcards...
1

1800's Main Beliefs of Disease

Supernatural- unpopular
Miasma
Microscopes- Developed

2

Inoculation/Vaccination

18th Cen- Small Pox- Common/Lethal
Inoculation- Prevented
England- Lady Mary Wortly Montague- Turkey
Pus- Scab= Immunity (No Expla)

3

Edward Jenner- Vaccination

EJ- Vaccination= Safer
Doc- Gloucestershire
Dairy Maids caught CP= Immune to SP
Royal Society= Experiment= Connection
James Phillip injected with SP+CP= Survived

4

EJ Impact

Methods- Successful--> Affected peoples Lives
1798- Published
1802- 30K
1803-USA
1807- Money
1857- Compulsory
Significant- Injecting one disease prevent another

5

EJ Debate

Doctors Inoculated- Lost Business
Not Respected- No Evidence
-Royal Soc- Not Publish
Religious- Animal disease
Not Gov Role

6

Pasteur

57- Pasteur (France)- Wine Processors- Alcohol= Sour
Microscope-Germs- Sour (Milk & Beer)
Pasteurization- Killed Germs (Heat)
Germs caused problems- Link
61- Published
64-Proved

7

Koch

Studied/Read Pasteur work
72- Dye- Identify Germ
Identified Germs for
72- Anthrax
82- Tuberculosis
83- Cholera

8

Developments in Drug/Vaccine

Past- Accidental
Experiment- Chicken Cholera
Kochs Method- Injected Chickens- Died
Germs- Exposed to air
Chickens Survived
81- Anthrax Vaccine
82- Human Rabies

9

Koch & Erlich- Magic Bullets

Magic Bullet- Killed Germs
1909- Paul Ehlrich- Chemical Compound- killed Germs
1911- Magic Bullets
Gerhard Domagk- Blood Poisoning

10

Penicillin

Stage 1
1928- Treatment of Infection
Holiday- Penicillin grew- Mold Killed Germs
Antideptic+ Wrote Findings

Stage 2
Howard Florey + Ernst Chain
Mold- Antibiotic
Worked on AMIMALS + HUMAN Trail

Stage 3
Mass Produced
1942- Fleming + Meningitis

11

Hospitals 1800/1900

1800: Die
Cramped/No Air
Nurses- Not Trained
Few Toilets

1900- Floerance Nightingale
Sanitation
Methods Across UK

12

Floerance + Seacole

Improved Hospital Care
Seacole- Prejudice

13

Mary Seacole 1805-1881

Background- Kingston, Jamaica. Dad- Scottish. Mother- Free Slave---> Boarding House
Trained- Mother
Experience- 1850 Cholera, Kingston

14

Mary Seacole P2

Ended up In Crimea- Cholera, London, Refused, Traveled
What She Did - British Hotel/ Treated on Field
Returned: Bankrupt/ The Times & Punch- Raised
Other- Treated gun shot wounds. Autopsy- Panama

15

Floerance Nightingale 1820- 1910

Background- Rich Family--> Opposed Nursing
Trained- Germany
Experience: Superintendent
Ended Up: The Times

16

Floerance Nightingale P2

What she did- Docs Opposed--> Clean (Scuatri)
Death Rates- Decreased
Returned: Notes on Nursing. St Thom Hos- School
Order of Merit- 1907
Other: Accept Miasma, Not Germ Theory

17

Battle Against Infectious/Non Infectious

20th Cen- Non Infc- Killers
Lifestyle- Cause
Early Diagnosis
Palliative Care