Surgery in the 19th/20th Cen Flashcards Preview

GCSE History Medicine > Surgery in the 19th/20th Cen > Flashcards

Flashcards in Surgery in the 19th/20th Cen Deck (11)
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1

3 Problems

Pain
Infection
Blood Loss

2

Anesthetics + James Simpsons

Pain- Anes
JS- 1847
CHLOROFORM

3

Impacts of Anesthetics

No Pain
Compli Oper

Excessive- Died
Death Rate Increased

4

Opposition of Anesthetics

Child Birth- Pain God
Alarmed by Increase of DR

5

Antiseptic- Joseph Lister

Infection- Anti Sepc
No Understanding of Disease/ Cause ( Germ T )
Lister- Researched: Gangrene, Infections, Germ Theory
1865/67 Carbolic Acid

6

Impacts of AntiSpectics

Death Rates Decreased.
Doctors no careful

7

Opposition of Antiseptics

Cleaning Wounds- Hard Work (Speed)
Extreme- Soaked
Germ Theory

8

Developments in Blood Loss

Pare - Ligatures
Harvey- Limited Source of Blood
1900- Landsteiner
1907- Transfusion

9

Modern Surgery P1

X Rays- 1905 Rontagen
ASEPTIC-> ANTISEPTIC
Keyhole/Replacements Surgery = Camera + Joints
Transplants
1967- Heart
1986- Lungs, Liver, Heart

10

Modern Surgery P2

Plastic Surgery
WW1: Skin Grafts
WW2: Archie Mcindoe- Prevented
2005- Face Tra

11

Impacts of Modern Surgery

Expensive
Prioritization