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Subluxation -- Hagen > Final > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final Deck (43)
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1

What are the 7 steps of the Patient Encounter?

1. History
2. Examination--> visualization, Posture, ROM, Leg check, Ortho-Neuro...
3. Instrumentation
4. Static and Motion Palpation
5. Diagnostic Imaging if warrented
6. Dx and Prognosis
7. Treatment

2

How are Chiropractic X-rays taken?

- weight bearing
- take A--P and analyzed from P-A

3

What is chiropractic analysis referred to as?

spinography

4

T/F. We see the subluxation on an xray

FALSE-- we DO NOT see subluxation on x-ray

5

What does X-ray fall under for the VSC?

- Kinesiopathology--> relative position
- Histopathology--> osteological changes

6

What does X-ray fall under for the PART system?

A- asymmetry/misalignment
R- range of motion

7

What can we gather for a lateral cervical view?

Occiput--> AS or PS

Atlas--> AS or AI

C2-C7--> P

8

What line goes through where occipital condyle meets the skull and where the occiput starts to curve up?

Foramen Magnum Line (FML)

9

What line goes from base of anterior tubercle through narrowest portion of posterior arch?

Atlas Plane Line

10

What are all the line marked on the Lateral Cervical film?

FML
APL
OL
OPL
LL
BL

11

What line goes form top of odontoid (but not tip) to base of the dens?

Odontoid Line (OL)

12

What line goes perpendicular off the Odontoid line?

Odontoid perpendicular line (OPL)

13

What does it mean if the FML and the APL are diverging posteriorly?

Occiput is a PS

14

What does it mean if the FML and APL are diverging anteriolry?

AS occiput

15

What does it mean if the OPL and APL are diverging anteriorly?

AS atlas

16

What does it mean if the POL and APL are convering anteriorly?

AI atlas

17

If the C5 disc plane line crosses over the C6 line, what does this mean?

C5 gets a P listing

LL-- C5
BL-- C6

18

What do we do it multiple disc plane lines cross over another?

take the lowest one to cross and use that as LL

19

What lines do we have on an AP Open Mouth film?

TCL
TAL
APL

20

What listing can we get from an APOM film?

Occiput--> LS or RS
Occiput--> LA/LP or RA/RP
Atlas--> L or R and A or P
C2--> L or R

21

What mine goes from where mastoid meets occiput on both sides?

Transvers Condylar Line (TCL)

22

What line goes from where transverse processes of C1 meet the lateral masses?

Transverse Atlas Line

23

What line goes from where center of pedicle shadows are for C2?

Axis Plane Line

24

What are we measuring for Atlas rotation? What can be gathered from this?

width of lateral masses--> tells us which way Atlas has rotated--> A or P

therefore telling us which way Occiput rotated b/c it will be opposite to Atlas

25

When measuring the width of lateral masses for Atlas, what can we gather if the left lateral mass has a higher number?

left side of atlas has gone anteriorly --> therefore right side of Occiput when posteriorly

26

What does it mean if the TCL and the TAL diverge on the left?

LS occiput

27

What does it mean if the TCL and the TAL diverge on the right?

RS occiput

28

What does it mean if the TAL and AxPL diverge on the right?

R atlas

29

What does it mean if the TAL and AxPL diverge on the left?

L atlas

30

How do we gather if C2 is PL or PR on an APOM film?

measure distance from C2 laminar junction to it's own superior lateral border

side it is shorter on means spinous rotation is that way