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Flashcards in Midterm- Sublux Deck (66)
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1

What does VSC stand for?

Vertebral Subluxation Complex

2

What is the Vertebral Subluxation Complex?

- model of spinal dysfunction
- organizes thoughts in structured manner
- provides a common language for chiropractors to discuses various approaches to patient care

3

What are the 7 components to the VSC?

1. Kinesiopathology
2. Neuropathology
3. Myopathology
4. Histopathology

5. Pathoanatomy
6. Pathophysiology
7. Pathobiochemistry

4

Which component of the VSC deals with position and motion?

Kinesiopathology

5

What component of the VSC does static palpation and posture fall under?

Kinesiopathology observed

(so does history, ROM, motion palpation, and imaging)

myopathology also has palpation and posture

6

Which component of the VSC does reflexes, altered sensation, and pain fall under?

Neuropathology

7

Which component of the VSC does edema and inflammation fall under?

Histopathology

8

Which component of the VSC does tone, weakness, and atrophy fall under?

Myopathology

9

Which component of the VSC does disruption of normal physiology fall under?

Pathophysiology

10

Which component of the VSC does Nature of Disease: causes, processess, development, and consequences fall under?

Pathoanatomy

11

Which component of the VSC does disruption of Normal biochemistry fall under?

Pathobiochemistry

12

What will pain and instrumentation be for a VSC?

neuropathology observed

(history, deep tendon reflexes, sensory and motor exam, imaging, nerve conduction velocity)

13

Which part of the VSC does palpation, posture, and a motor exam fall under?

myopathology observed

(also history, electromyography)

14

Which component of the VSC is "Dis-ease at the tissue level"?

Histopathology

15

Which component of the VSC would an inflammation response fall under? What are key features of this?

Histopathology
- Redness (Rubor)
- Swelling (Tumor)
- Heat (Calor)
- Pain (Dolor)

16

Which part of the VSC would visualization and palpation be used for?

Histopathology observed

(also history, imaging, and blood chemistry)

17

What is the P.A.R.T. System?

developed by Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services

Physical exam requirements to demonstrate/document medical necessity

18

What do the different components of the P.A.R.T. System stand for?

P = pain and tenderness
A = asymmetry or misalignment
R = ROM abnormality
T = tissue tone changes

19

How many components of the PART system is needed? What must one of them be?

2 of the 4 PART components needed

1 must be A-symmetry or R-OM

20

What is the P component of the PART system, and how is it described?

Pain or tenderness

location, quality, and intensity

21

What is the A component of the PART system? How may it be described?

Asymmetry or misalignment

regional and/or segmental level

22

T/F. Diagnostic imaging (x-ray) may be utilized for the A component of the PART system.

True

23

Describe what would be used for the Regional and Local subcategories of the A component of the PART system.

Regional -- posture/scoliosis screening

Local -- static palpation

24

T/F. Abnormal ROM may be segmental or regional.

True

25

What could be used to assist with the R component of the PART system?

- hypermobility/ hypomobility
- instrument assisted documentation
- diagnostic imaging

26

What would describing changes in tone of soft tissue such as muscles, tendons, fascia, skin, and ligaments fall under for the PART system?

T- Tissue tone

27

For the T component of the PART system, describe what falls under that category.

- spasms
- inflammation
- hypertonicity
- hypotonicity
- heat-measuring instruments
- leg length discrepancy

28

What components of the PART system does Kinesiopathology from the VSC fall under?

A - Asymmetry or misalignment
R- ROM

29

What components of the PART system does Neuropathology from the VSC fall under?

P- Pain or Tenderness
A - Asymmetry or misalignment
T- Tissue tone

30

What components of the PART system does Myopatholgy from the VSC fall under?

P - Pain or Tenderness
A- Asymmetry or misalignment
T- Tissue tone