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Flashcards in Final- Pt 2 Deck (27)
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1

What does a narrow pedicle shadow tell us?

smaller pedicle shadow is on side of spinous laterality for T-spine

2

What is designed to describe position in space?

Right Hand Cartesian Coordinates

3

What does the Right Hand Cartesian Coordinates consist of? What does it tell us?

3 mutually perpendicular planes: X, Y, Z

Translation and Rotation

in chiropractic view

4

On the x-axis, what will a posterior listing be considered, neg. or pos. in the Right Handed Cartesian Coordinate system?

posterior = negative

anterior = positive

5

What do the following axises tell us:
X
Y
Z

X--> posterior)-) or anterior(+)
Y--> rotation, left (-) or right (+)
Z--> wedging, Superior or inferior

6

What 3 plans of motion in order is it for C2-L5?

X axis = P
Y axis = R or L
Z axis = S and I

in X, Y, Z order

7

For C2-L5 what side do we name the wedging to?

the side of spinous rotation

8

What will a listing get for C2-L5 on side of closed wedge side or opposite of convexity get?

Cervicals = -L
Thoracics = -T
Lumbars = -M

9

Tell me what the Right Handed Cartesian Coordinates would be for a C5 PLS?

X Y Z
- - +

10

Tell me what the Right Handed Cartesian Coordinates would be for a
T6 PRI-T?

X Y Z
- + +

11

With a left convexity for global curve, what will lateral bending to the left do? What will lateral bending to the right do?

to left--> stack vertebra
to right--> smooth curve

12

What must we do if the convexity is on the left, but we find a PR listing?

add - L, T, or M

b/c convexity is opposite of spinous

13

What are the three planes of motion for Occiput and C1 and in what order?

X- axis-- anterior or posterior
Z - axis-- laterality
Y - axis -- rotation

XZY

14

What side is rotation named for for Occiput and C1?

named on side of laterality

15

What do we include in a occiput listing? What is it like for an Atlas listing?

Occiput--> dash listings Ex: PS-LS-LP

Atlas--> condensed Ex:ASLP

16

What is the Right Handed Cartesian for a PS occiput? AS occiput?

PS occiput = X +
AS occiput = X -

17

What is the Right Handed Cartesian for a LS occiput? RS occiput?

LS occiput = Z +
RS occiput = Z -

18

What is the Right Handed Cartesian for a PS-LS-LA

X Z Y
+ + -

19

What is the Right Handed Cartesian for a AS-RS-RP?

X Z Y
- - -

20

How do we get the AS or AI for atlas?

from x-ray

21

For atlas, what side will the A and P (rotation) be named on?

side of laterality

22

What do we use of the Right Handed Cartesian for a pelvis listing?

X -- AS (+) or PI (-)
Y -- IN or EX

23

What do we use of the Right Handed Cartesian to list sacrum?

Y (rotation)

24

What is the Right Handed Cartesian for a P-L sacrum? What about a P-R sacrum?

P-L = Y+
P-R = Y-

25

What do we use of the Right Handed Cartesian for a PI EX ileum on the right?

X-, Y+

26

What do we use of the Right Handed Cartesian for a AS IN on the right?

X+, Y-

27

What do we use of the Right Handed Cartesian for a PI IN on the left?

X-, Y+