Flashcards in Final Exam Deck (63)
Comes to Drama through Poetry
Associated with Epic Theatre
A Theatre of Political Reality
Greatest impact on Germany, Britain, Brazil, the United States, and India
Comes to Drama through Fiction
Associated with Existential or “Absurdist” Drama
A Drama of Poetic Reality
Greatest impact on France, Poland, Japan, and also the United States and Britain
Cabarets and Chaos:
Berlin is the cultural center
Brecht influenced by cabaret scene
The Rise of National Socialism
“Brown Shirts” promote Hitler’s agenda
The development of “Epic Theatre”
In conversation with, but in opposition to, Expressionism
Catharsis: the purging of negative emotion
Catharsis prevents theatre from being useful, as it simply reenforces the status quo
Brecht moves towards a Dialectical Theatre:
A theatre of ideas to affect political and social change
He Opposes a Bourgeois Theatre (”Culinary Theatre”):
Seeks to destroy naturalism, “fourth walls.“
A single physical action
Shows the social “realism” of the
A tool for “Epic Acting”
Verfremdungseffekt (“Distancing Effect”)
This creates the “V-Effect”
Distances the audience from empathy, plot, catharsis
Lets you see true “realism” – the social and political powers
Character is not defined by emotion, but social relationships
Characters still have emotions!
The Production That Changed Everything:San Quentin Prison, California, November 19, 1957
Following an important production in a German prison in 1953, where inmates had had the play smuggled in.
The San Francisco Actors Workshop
Directed by Herbert Blau
Performed on the prison gallows
The beginning of prison theatre programs in the U.S.
“Nothing Comes from Nothing” : King Lear
Bleak comedy in a ruined world.
The disintegration of language
The play ends in an exhausted acceptance of horror:
“Our present business is general woe.”
“Never, never, never, never, never.”
What object does Helen use to kill her husband?
A bottle filled with rocks
What physical change Helen protest just before her execution?
Cutting her hair
What was Helen’s relationship with George before they were married?
What is the name of the man with whom Helen had an affair?
In the first scene, what reason does Helen give for being late to work?
She needed to step off the subway to get some air
What article of clothing does Estragon always take off and put back on?
What is the relationship between Pozzo and Lucky?
Master and slave
3. How is the tree different in Act II of the play Godot?
It has grown leaves
4. What practical reason do Didi and Gogo give for not hanging themselves?
They do not have any rope
5. In act II, which character remembers the previous interaction with Pozzo and Lucky?
1. Where does the play M. Butterfly begin?
Paris prison cell
2. According the trial against Song, what are the two crimes that Song has committed against the cultural revolution?
Being homosexual and being an artist
Which character from Madama Butterfly does Hwang cast as a parallel to Comrade Chin?
4. What does Song do as Gallimard dies?
Smokes a cigarette
5. What crime is Gallimard In jail for?
1. What does the Foundling Father carry in the cherry-wood box?
2. What play acts as the intertext with The America Play?
Our American Cousin