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Flashcards in Final Exam Deck (63)
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1

Bertolt Brecht

Comes to Drama through Poetry

Associated with Epic Theatre


A Theatre of Political Reality

Greatest impact on Germany, Britain, Brazil, the United States, and India

2

Samuel Beckett

Comes to Drama through Fiction

Associated with Existential or “Absurdist” Drama

A Drama of Poetic Reality

Greatest impact on France, Poland, Japan, and also the United States and Britain

3

Cabarets and Chaos:

Berlin is the cultural center
Brecht influenced by cabaret scene

4

The Rise of National Socialism

Rampant inflation
Economic downturn
“Brown Shirts” promote Hitler’s agenda

5

The development of “Epic Theatre”

In conversation with, but in opposition to, Expressionism

6

Aristotle

Catharsis: the purging of negative emotion

7

Brecht

Catharsis prevents theatre from being useful, as it simply reenforces the status quo

8

Brecht moves towards a Dialectical Theatre:

A theatre of ideas to affect political and social change

He Opposes a Bourgeois Theatre (”Culinary Theatre”):

Seeks to destroy naturalism, “fourth walls.“

9

Gestus:


The “V-Effect”

A single physical action
Shows the social “realism” of the
character
A tool for “Epic Acting”

10

Verfremdungseffekt (“Distancing Effect”)
This creates the “V-Effect”

Distances the audience from empathy, plot, catharsis

Lets you see true “realism” – the social and political powers

Character is not defined by emotion, but social relationships

Characters still have emotions!

11

The Production That Changed Everything:San Quentin Prison, California, November 19, 1957

Following an important production in a German prison in 1953, where inmates had had the play smuggled in.

The San Francisco Actors Workshop

Directed by Herbert Blau

Performed on the prison gallows

The beginning of prison theatre programs in the U.S.

12

“Nothing Comes from Nothing” : King Lear

Bleak comedy in a ruined world.

The disintegration of language

The play ends in an exhausted acceptance of horror:
“Our present business is general woe.”

“Never, never, never, never, never.”

13

What object does Helen use to kill her husband?

A bottle filled with rocks

14

What physical change Helen protest just before her execution?

Cutting her hair

15

What was Helen’s relationship with George before they were married?

Boss/employee

16

What is the name of the man with whom Helen had an affair?

Dick Roe

17

In the first scene, what reason does Helen give for being late to work?

She needed to step off the subway to get some air

18

What article of clothing does Estragon always take off and put back on?

Boot

19

What is the relationship between Pozzo and Lucky?

Master and slave

20

3. How is the tree different in Act II of the play Godot?

It has grown leaves

21

4. What practical reason do Didi and Gogo give for not hanging themselves?

They do not have any rope

22

5. In act II, which character remembers the previous interaction with Pozzo and Lucky?

Vladimir (Didi)

23

1. Where does the play M. Butterfly begin?

Paris prison cell

24

2. According the trial against Song, what are the two crimes that Song has committed against the cultural revolution?

Being homosexual and being an artist

25

Which character from Madama Butterfly does Hwang cast as a parallel to Comrade Chin?

Suzuki

26

4. What does Song do as Gallimard dies?

Smokes a cigarette

27

5. What crime is Gallimard In jail for?

Espionage

28

1. What does the Foundling Father carry in the cherry-wood box?

Beards

29

2. What play acts as the intertext with The America Play?

Our American Cousin

30

3. During the reenactments, what does the Foundling Father do just before he is shot?

Laugh