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Flashcards in Final Test Deck (30):
1

What is a predisposing factor

cognitive factors related to making the decision to engage in a particular behavior: self-efficacy, motivation, enjoyment, beliefs, knowledge or existing skills

2

What are enabling factors

factors that allow one to engage in a particular behavior: access, environments, and new skill development

3

What are reinforcing factors

factors that reinforce a particular behavior: other people, positive or negative consequences

4

What classifies sedentary steps

<5,000

5

What classifies low stepage

5,000-7,499

6

What classifies somewhat active stepage

7,500-9,999

7

What classifies active stepage

10,000-12,499

8

What classifies highly active stepage

>12,500

9

What are the components of the social ecological model

individual factors, social factors, environmental factors, policy factors

10

What is a correlation

reproducible association

11

What is a determinant

A causal factor

12

What is a positive demographic PA correlation

education, gender, income

13

What are positive psychographic PA correlations

enjoyment, expected benefits, intention to exercise, self-efficacy

14

What is the goal of the Community Guide

Guides interventions while providing evidence based strategies to change behavior

15

Which information approach was found to be the most effective: community wide campaigns, stand alone mass media campaigns, classroom based health education

Community Wide Campaigns

16

Transtheoretical Model Process

Pre contemplation
Contemplation
Preparation
Action
Maintenane
Termination OR relapse

17

What is involved in the Cognitive TTM Process of Change

increasing knowledge
being aware of risks
caring about consequences to others
comprehending the benefits
increasing health opportunities

18

What is involved in the Behavioral TTM Process of Change

substituting alternatives
enlisting social support
rewarding yourself
committing yourself
reminding yourself

19

What is involved in a decisional balance

consider benefits
overcome barriers

20

What is self efficacy

confidence in one's ability to perform specific behaviors in specific situtations

21

What are sources of self-efficacy

enactive mastery (performance outcomes)
vicarious experience (self-modeling)
verbal persuasion (verbal encouragement)
physiological arousal (emotional state)

22

What are successful community guide programs?

substitution- incorportate PA for other current behaviors

building social support- identify individuals to support efforts

self-reward- positive feedback to yourself

commitment- encourage commitments for yourself to being active

23

What is involved in an environmental and policy approach

social networks, physical environment and organizational norms, laws

24

What is involved in a healthy and supportive social environment?

inclusion and acceptance
social interaction
emotional support
Social norms

25

What are a few types of social support?

informational, instrumental, emotional and appraisal

26

What mechanisms influence PA, generally?

lack of access to resources
higher levels of stress
economic and social deprivation
substance abuse

27

What is a built environment?

a human modified place that influences opportunities for physical activity (positively or negatively)

28

What are the "As" of PA Opportunities?

Available- do resources exist?
Accessible- can I get there?
Affordable- Can I afford them?
Acceptable- Do I feel comfortable?
Appropriate- suitable for a purpose

29

Motivational Interviewing techniques

meet clients where they are
enhances motivation
incorporate empathy

30

Elements of Motivational Interviewing

understanding
client-centered
collaborative
individualized
freedom of choice
respectful