Flashcards in Final Test Deck (30):
What is a predisposing factor
cognitive factors related to making the decision to engage in a particular behavior: self-efficacy, motivation, enjoyment, beliefs, knowledge or existing skills
What are enabling factors
factors that allow one to engage in a particular behavior: access, environments, and new skill development
What are reinforcing factors
factors that reinforce a particular behavior: other people, positive or negative consequences
What classifies sedentary steps
What classifies low stepage
What classifies somewhat active stepage
What classifies active stepage
What classifies highly active stepage
What are the components of the social ecological model
individual factors, social factors, environmental factors, policy factors
What is a correlation
What is a determinant
A causal factor
What is a positive demographic PA correlation
education, gender, income
What are positive psychographic PA correlations
enjoyment, expected benefits, intention to exercise, self-efficacy
What is the goal of the Community Guide
Guides interventions while providing evidence based strategies to change behavior
Which information approach was found to be the most effective: community wide campaigns, stand alone mass media campaigns, classroom based health education
Community Wide Campaigns
Transtheoretical Model Process
Termination OR relapse
What is involved in the Cognitive TTM Process of Change
being aware of risks
caring about consequences to others
comprehending the benefits
increasing health opportunities
What is involved in the Behavioral TTM Process of Change
enlisting social support
What is involved in a decisional balance
What is self efficacy
confidence in one's ability to perform specific behaviors in specific situtations
What are sources of self-efficacy
enactive mastery (performance outcomes)
vicarious experience (self-modeling)
verbal persuasion (verbal encouragement)
physiological arousal (emotional state)
What are successful community guide programs?
substitution- incorportate PA for other current behaviors
building social support- identify individuals to support efforts
self-reward- positive feedback to yourself
commitment- encourage commitments for yourself to being active
What is involved in an environmental and policy approach
social networks, physical environment and organizational norms, laws
What is involved in a healthy and supportive social environment?
inclusion and acceptance
What are a few types of social support?
informational, instrumental, emotional and appraisal
What mechanisms influence PA, generally?
lack of access to resources
higher levels of stress
economic and social deprivation
What is a built environment?
a human modified place that influences opportunities for physical activity (positively or negatively)
What are the "As" of PA Opportunities?
Available- do resources exist?
Accessible- can I get there?
Affordable- Can I afford them?
Acceptable- Do I feel comfortable?
Appropriate- suitable for a purpose
Motivational Interviewing techniques
meet clients where they are