Flashcards in Finals Deck (36):
Radioactive isotopes, Nuclei release particles and/or energy
The level of H+ and OH-
Depending if it takes excess ions or not makesit acid, base, or neutral solvent.
Separating monomers by water
Saturated vs unsaturated fatty acid
Saturated is more dense and solid at room temp
Unsaturated is less dense and at room temp it turns into liquid
Electrons are shared between two or more atoms
Electrons are transferred from one atom/molecule to another
Like covalent bond, they share electron within on the outer shell
Method of finding/proof of new science
Observe > hypothesis > experiment/observe > hypothesis (matching it) > conclusion
The subject/unit that has no treatment, then compared to subject/unit that was treated to see effect of new experiment
Movement of molecules or ions from a region of higher to lower concentration; it requires no energy and stop when distribution is equal.
Specialized connective tissue between bones of joints, structural support of nose, ears; lacks blood vessels and nerves so healing slower.
Pulmonary vs. systemic circuits
Pulmonary flows through the lungs as systemic flows through out the veins and arteries in the body.
Inductive vs. deductive reasoning
Inductive : study few/many cases and come to general conclusion
Deduction : starts off with general principle we already know and applying it
2 ATP - lactate in muscles when oxygen is low
- too much lactate is bad
Cancer in the skin die to huh. Radiation exposure
When on going change occurs
Systole vs diastole
Systole is the measurement when heart/blood flow is contracting
Diastole is the measurement when heart beat/ blood flow is relaxed.
Hemolytic disease of the newborn
Mother is RH- and father is RH+, newborn may be RH+. Placenta with RH+ cells may leak into mother causing mother to produce antibodies for RH+. Antibodies may transfer into placenta destroying it's RBCs, killing the newborn
Fibrinogen vs. fibrin
Fibrinogen is inactive. Activated by thrombin into fibrin. Fibrin creates a net to produce blood clots.
Protein cells comes from the liver that forms a nonspecific defense mechanism against a microbe invasion; it complements the antigen - antibody reaction
Metabolic rate increases causing heat. Plasma moves to damage location. Histamine activates warning the body of possible attack. Pus created- a collection of dead pathogen
B cells that creates antibodies fused together with cancerous cells
The space within the GI tract which allows for transport of various substances
Helps with mechanics of breathing. Muscles located between ribs in the rib cages. Helps with contraction and rest of diaphragm
Chemical that keeps water from sticking to itself. Helps keep the lungs inflates so we don't suffocate to death.
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
Hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary that increases the permeability of the collecting ducts in a kidney. Helps urine elimination
Produces more rbc's > more ATP
Protective layers (3) around the brain and spinal cord
Outer layer of an axon - protects the axon
The period after action potential - does not allow another impulse to pass through axon. All gates are closed.
Pain received as having come from a site other than that of its actual origin
Negative vs. positive feedback
Negative - response in which a stimulus initiates reactions that reduce the stimulus - maintain homeostasis
Positive - stimulus initiates reactions that lead to an increase in the stimulus - does not maintain homeostasis
Loss of blood and tissue from the uterus at the end of a uterine cycle.
Early stage of human embryonic development that consists of a hollow fluid-filled ball of cells.
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)
Hormones produced by the chorion that functions to maintain the uterine lining.