FINALS: Joints Flashcards Preview

3rd Semester Kinesiology > FINALS: Joints > Flashcards

Flashcards in FINALS: Joints Deck (22)
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1

Sternoclavicular (SCJ) and Acromioclavicular (ACJ)

Joint Type:
Degrees of Freedom:
Open packed:
Closed packed:
Capsular Pattern:

Joint Type: Synovial
Degrees of Freedom: 3
Open packed: Arm resting at side
Closed packed:
ACJ - UE abduction to 90°
SCJ - Max shoulder elevation
Capsular Pattern: ?

2

Scapulothoracic Joint

Joint type:

Joint type: Functional

Not a true joint. No direct union between bones, no joint capsule.

Concave ant. surface of scapula rests on convex post. aspect of rib cage

3

Glenohumeral Joint (GHJ)

Joint Type:
Degrees of Freedom:
Open packed:
Closed packed:
Capsular Pattern:

Joint Type: synovial ball and socket

Degrees of Freedom: 3

Open packed: 55° Abd and 30° horizontal Add

Closed packed: Full Abd and ER

Capsular Pattern: ER>Abd>IR

4

Humeroulnar Joint (HUJ)/Humeroradial Joint (HRJ)

Joint Type:
Degrees of Freedom:
Open packed:
Closed packed:
Capsular Pattern:

Joint Type: Synovial uniaxial hinged compound joint
Degrees of Freedom: 1

Open packed:
HUJ - 70° flex, 10° supin
HRJ - full ext. full supin

Closed packed:
HUJ - full ext. HRJ - 90° flex, full supin

Capsular Pattern:
HUJ - flexion > extension

HRJ - flex > ext > sup > pronation

5

Radioulnar Joint (RUJ)

Joint Type:
Degrees of Freedom:
Open packed:
Closed packed:
Capsular Pattern:

Joint Type: Uniaxial pivot joint
Degrees of Freedom: 1
Open packed:
Proximal RUJ - 70° flex, 35° supin
Distal RUJ - 10° supin

Closed packed:
Proximal RUJ - 5° supin
Distal RUJ - 5° supin

Capsular Pattern:
Proximal - sup > pro
Distal - full ROM with pain at end ranges

6

Cervical Spine

Joint Type:
Facet jts:
Plane of function:
Degrees of Freedom:
Capsular Pattern:

Joint Type: synovial planer

Facet jts: oriented at 45°

Plane of function: primarily transverse

Degrees of Freedom: 3

Capsular Pattern: loss of ext, lat flex, rotation > flexion

7

Thoracic Spine

Joint Type:
Facet jts:
Plane of function:
Degrees of Freedom:
Capsular Pattern:

Joint Type: Synovial planer
Facet jts: oriented at 60°
Plane of function: primarily frontal plane
Degrees of Freedom: 3
Capsular Pattern: loss of ext, lat flex, rotation > flexion

8

Lumbar Spine

Joint Type:
Facet jts:
Plane of function:
Degrees of Freedom:
Capsular Pattern:

Joint Type: synovial planer
Facet jts: oriented ~90°
Plane of function: primarily sagittal plane
Degrees of Freedom: 3
Capsular Pattern: loss of lat flexion and rotation > ext and flex

9

Sacroiliac Joint

Joint Type:

Plane of function:
Degrees of Freedom: none
Capsular Pattern: none

Joint Type: synovial nonaxial jt. planer and non-congruent (irregular)

Plane of function: triplaner in oblique manner
Degrees of Freedom: none
Capsular Pattern: none

10

Radiocarpal Joint

Joint Type:
Degrees of Freedom:

Joint Type: synovial condyloid
Degrees of Freedom: 2

11

Midcarpal Joint:

Joint Type:
Degrees of Freedom:

Joint Type: synovial planer
Degrees of Freedom: nonaxial

12

IP, PIP, DIP Joints

Joint Type:
Degrees of Freedom:

Joint Type: Synovial Hinge
Degrees of Freedom: 1

13

MCP Joints

Joint Type:
Degrees of Freedom:

Joint Type: Condyloid
Degrees of Freedom: 2

14

CMC Joint

Joint Type:
Degrees of Freedom:

Joint Type: synovial saddle joint
Degrees of Freedom: ?

15

Hip (femoralacetabulum joint)

Joint Type:
Degrees of Freedom:
Open packed:
Closed packed:
Capsular Pattern:

Joint Type: ball and socket

Degrees of Freedom: 3

Open packed: 30° flex, 30° Abd and slight ER

Closed packed: Full ext, IR and ABD
Capsular Pattern: IR>Flex>Abd

16

Knee

Joint Type:
Degrees of Freedom:
Open packed:
Closed packed:
Capsular Pattern:

Joint Type: synovial hinge

Degrees of Freedom: 1

Open packed: 25° of flex

Closed packed: full ext and ER

Capsular Pattern: flex>ext

17

Ankle Talocrural Joint

Joint Type:
Degrees of Freedom:
Open packed:
Closed packed:
Capsular Pattern:

Joint Type: synovial hinge

Degrees of Freedom: 1

Open packed: 10°PF, subtalar neutral

Closed packed: max DF

Capsular Pattern: PF>DF

18

Subtalar/Talocalcaneal joint

Joint Type:
Degrees of Freedom:
Open packed:
Closed packed:
Capsular Pattern:

Joint Type: pseudo saddle joint

Degrees of Freedom: 1

Open packed: midrange

Closed packed: supination

Capsular Pattern: inv>ev

19

transverse tarsal (midtarsal) joint

Joint Type:
Degrees of Freedom:
Open packed:
Closed packed:
Capsular Pattern:

Joint Type: ?

Longitudinal and oblique axis of motion

Degrees of Freedom: 1

Open packed: midrange

Closed packed: supination

Capsular Pattern: greater loss of inversion (adduction and supination)

20

Tarsometatarsal joints (TMT)

Joint Type:
Degrees of Freedom:

Joint Type: synovial
Degrees of Freedom: 3 (flexion, min amt of abd add, rotation)

21

Metatarsophalangeal joints (MTP)

Joint Type:
Degrees of Freedom:
Axis:
Capsular Pattern:

Joint Type: condyloid synovial
Degrees of Freedom: 2
Axis: oblique

Capsular Pattern:
1st MTP - ext>flex

2nd-5th - flex>ext

22

Forefoot IP Joints

Joint Type:
Degrees of Freedom:

Joint Type: synovial hinge
Degrees of Freedom: 1