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3rd Semester Kinesiology > pathological gait > Flashcards

Flashcards in pathological gait Deck (15)
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1

causes of abnormal gait (4)

- pain
- neurologic/neuropathic
- muscle weakness/myopathic
- limitation of joint/muscle ROM

2

______ gait:

- caused by pain
- protective in nature
- reduced stance phase on affected limb
- shortened step length on unaffected side

antalgic

3

_____ gait:

- staggering, unsteady, wide BOS
- poor balance and coordination
- exaggerated, jerky movements

ataxic

4

______ gait:

- high stepping ataxic gait pattern where feet slap the ground

tabetic gait

5

_____ gait:

- staggering gait pattern
- no extraneous movements
- usually no jerky movements

cerebellar gait

6

_____ gait:

- legs cross midline upon advancement

scissors gait

7

_____ gait:

- increased forward flexion of the trunk and flexion of knees
- wide BOS
- shuffling, small steps
- festination may occur

parkinsonian gait

8

_____ gait:

- stiff movement
- toes seem to catch and drag
- legs held together
- hip and knee joints slightly flexed

spastic gait

9

_____ gait:

- circular motion to advance leg during swing phase

circumduction gait

10

_____ gait:

- gait in which alternate steps are of a different length or at a different rate

double step gait

11

_____ gait:

- characterized by high steps and toes touch floor first at initial contact

equine gait

12

_____ gait:

- feet and toes are lifted to excessive height with increased hip and knee flexion during swing phase (drop foot)
- foot will slap the ground at initial contact (foot slap)

steppage gait

13

_____ gait:

- sing leg advances by compensating with pelvic elevation on ipsilateral side of PF of stance leg

vaulting gait

14

_____ gait:

- excessive lateral trunk flexion and weight shift over stance leg
- excessive drop of pelvis on the side of the swing legs or elevated pelvis on the side of the stance limb
- denoted weakness of the glut med

trendelenburg gait

15

_____ gait:

- shoulders back (behind hips)
- increased lumbar lordosis
- bilateral trendelenburg
- denoted multiple mm weakness

waddling gait