What building regulation document applies to fire safety?
Approved Document B
What are main requirements of FSO 2005?
Eliminate or reduce risk of fire
Provide general fire precautions to deal with any risk, such as minimising combustibles & good housekeeping
When did the fire safety order come into force?
1st October 2006
Who is a responsible person?
A person who owns or in control of premises
Who is a competent person?
Someone with sufficient training and knowledge to undertake FRAs
What is the difference between passive and active fire protection?
Passive - attempts to contain & slow spread (compartmentation, fire doors)
Active - aims to stop fire or detect early (fire extinguishers, sprinklers, detectors)
What is a PEEP and what is it for?
Personal Emergency Evacuation Plan - people identified to not be able to get out of a building un-aided
What legislation are our FRAs done under?
Fire Safety Order 2005
What are the different levels of priorities for actions on FRAs?
1 - immediate, day to day repairs
2- within 12 months, repai quotes/planned scheme
3 - usually within 3 years, planned scheme
Examples of different actions on different priorities?
1 - Fire stopping, signage, waste removal
2 - similar to three depending on times
3 - Planned scheme, new property doors, class 0 linings, emergency lighting
What are you looking for when inspecting a roof space?
Loft hatch details, fire rated, strips and seals, hinges, secure
Fire break walls aligned will flats and if they have been breached, service penetrations or missing bricks
Overall roof structure any defects/learning points
What are you looking for when inspecting a fire door?
Door as a whole, condition/any holes
Material & thickness
Hinges & self-closer device
Gapping to frame within 3-4mm
Letter box or glazing if present
In line with BS8214
How does the Housing Act 2004 apply to FRAs?
The Housing Act requires local housing authorities to keep housing conditions under review and require an assessment that looks at 29 hazards (The HHSRS, Housing Health and Safety Rating System), Fire is one of the hazards to look at. The Housing Act primarily focussed on the risk to residents from fire in individual dwellings and their associated escape routes together with the reduction of risk in the building as a whole. (Inner rooms)
What is a notional fire door?
A fire door that meets the standard at time of construction, in PCC stock it is often a 44mm timber door without strips and seals.
What is an upgraded fire door?
A fire door that has atleast 30mins if fire resistance, 44mm timber, intumescent strips and cold smoke seals, self closer, 3-4mm gaps to the frame, georgian wire glazing, 1 1/2 pairs of hinges
What is an FD30 & FD30S?
FD30 are doors fire resistant for 30 mins
FD30S resist fire and smoke for 30 mins
What should the travel distance be within a habitable room, within a flat, to the door or protected corridor?
9m, a protected corridor should also be 9m maximum
Flats with a single escape stairway should have a macimum corrider distance of…
Same as corridors with dead ends
Flats with two escape stairs have a maximum travel distance of corridors of…
What are main points of the Fire Safety Order 2005?
To eliminate or reduce the risk of fire
To provide general fire precautions (good housekeeping and maintenance)
Have risk assessments in place
Emergency escape routes
Fire fighting or detection
How are three ways a fire can spread?
Convection, movement of differing heat heat waves (hot rises)
conduction, molecular movement of energy
radiation, energy transferred through electro magnetic waves
What is the british standard for single axis hinges?
What is the british standard for timber fire door assemblies?
What british standard relates to fire safety design, management and use of buildings?
What is the british standard for emergency lighting?
What classification of fire alarms are there?
Under BS5839 it’s start with basic category M for manual. L1 - maximum life protection to L5 - localised life protection automated and all in between get lower risk, L3 being standard. Category P1 and P2 are maximum and minimum protection for property. Then for domestic properties there is LD1 with is maximum for life then ranges to LD3 which is standard for life protection and is generally detectors on escape routes like in many houses where they are in the hall ways. LD1 & LD2 have detectors also in high risk Ignition rooms like kitchens.