What are the construction design managament regluations 2015?
The main set of regulations for managing health, safety & welfare of construction projects. They apply to any size, large or small.
Who are the main duty holders?
Client, principal contractor, principle designer
What are the clients duties?
Appoint other duty holders
Sufficient time & resources allocated
Relevant information provided
Check other principles do their duties
Adequate welfare facilities provided
What are the principle contractors duties?
They have control over the construction phase of the project and plan, manage, minitor and coordinate health & safety during the construction phase.
Prepare the construction phase plan
Engage with workers about their health, safety & welfare
Liase with client and principal designer for proper risk management
Take account of health and safety risks thag affect everyone by the work (inlcuding the public)
What are the principal designers duties?
To plan, manage, monitor and coordinate health and safety in the pre-construction phase.
Help advise client in bringing pre-construction information and provide the client and designers duties
Ensure everyone in the pre-construction phase communicates and cooperates, coordinating work where possible
Liase with principal contractor of any risks to be controlled during the construction phase
What is the construction phase plan?
A key document that details the health & safety risks associated in the construction phase & their control measures
What is a health and safety file?
A file to follow CDM regs, a file of details of the building so any future work can be done safely with the correct plan, the principal designer should create it in the pre-construction phase then keep up to date throughout the project
Brief description of works done
Any hazards & their measures
Key structural info
Locations of services
What is an F10?
A form to notify the HSE about a construction project that meet the requirements
What are the requirements for submitting an F10?
It is a legal duty to submit an F10 wiej tjr project will last more than 30 days AND have more than 20 workers, working at one time.
What must an F10 include?
Description of the project
Planned duration of project
Number of workers required
Contact details of main duty holders
When do you need an accident book on site?
When there are 10 or more employees
How would you inspect a ladder?
Ensure its set up in the 1:4 ratio
Look at instructions/ safety stickers (green test stickers on ours)
Check for damage
Check bolts, screws & attatchments
How would you inspect a scaffold?
Tags, not legal but ideal
Compliant with TG20, see handover certificate
Scaffold register should hold 7 day inspection or after weather/tampering
What are individuals responsibilities for health and safety? / employees responsibilities?
Responsible for knowing and understanding the health and safety risks appropriate to the tasks they undertake.
A legal duty to taking care of your own health and safety ad well as others affected by your actions
This can be done through:
RICS surveying safely guide helped me understand this.
What is an orginisations responsibility for health and safety? / emoloyers responsibilities?
Provide a safe working environment
Safe work equipment
Safe system of work
Ensure staff are competent
Instructions are clear & safe
RICS surveying safely guide helped me understand this.
What could happen if there is an accident at work / people are injured working?
Reputation & morale could be affected, also legal consequences.
What is risk management?
It means taking adequate time to fully consider how any plan of action could deviate from what you expect. Then putting measures in place to minimise risks.
It is important to seperate significant risks vs less significant risks so major risks are ensured to be managed.
What is a risk assessment?
It is defined as carefully examining what in your work could cause harm to people, so that you can judge wether or not you have taken enough precautions to prevent harm.
What are the key parts of a risk assessment?
- Identify hazards
- Identify who is at risk
- Evaluate risks and precautions
- Record findings and inplement them
- Review assessments regularly and update
- Advise all those affected of new measures
What is a dynamic risk assessment?
It is where a worker constantly re-evaluates risks of work or the environment and deciding if they are competent enough or work could put others at risk potentially stopping work if risk is too high.
Who should undertake risk assessments?
Competent person (appropriate skills, qualifications & experience)
What is the risk hierarchy control?
It outlines the best to the last resort measures to control risk.
What three common types of asbestos?
Chrysotile which is white
Amosite which is brown
Crocidolite which is blue
Where might yout typically find asbestos?
Textured coatings to ceilings or walls
Insulating boards (AIB’s)
Anywhere in a building built or refurbished before 2000.
What two regulations control asbestos?
The Control of Absbestos Regulations 2012
The Health & Safety at Work Act 1974
What is the control of abestos regulations?
Covers anything asbestos related, gives responsibility for managing asbestos by protecting anyone using a premises with asbestos of risks to health.
How does the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 control asbestos?
It gives employers a legal duty to prevent exposure of their employees to asbestos.
What are risks / health complications asbestos exposure can cause?
Lung cancer, asbestosis, mesothelioma
All diseases take years to affect someones health
Who should be notified of licensed asbestos work?
The HSE need to be notified 14 days prior to work through and ASB5 form
What could be licensed asbestos work?
Pipe lagging, large AIBs, sprayed asbestos, anything thay has been disturbed. It could be classed as anything that has high risk or high exposure to fibres
What could be non-licensed absestos work?
Absestos cement roofing, textured coatings, anything with a low level of fibres released into the air.
What is asbestos?
A naturally occurring rick mineral that is fibrous. It has very good heat and fire resisting properties and was cheap to use, it has been used extensively around the world in a range of building materials.
What are different types of abestos surveys?
Management, which is a stabdard inspection that locates, as far as reasonably practible, the presence of asbestos. Usually involves discrete or minor intrusive work for analysis.
Refurbishment / demolition, which is a highly intrusive inspection thagw ill identify all asbestos within a building. So all asbestos can be removed before large refurbishments or demolitions occurr.
What is the employers responsibility under the HASAWA 1974?
It is employers duty to protect the health, safety & welfare of their employees and other people who could be affected by their work.
This is done through, risk assessments & training staff
What is the risk control hierarchy?
Setd out the most effective risk controls to the least.
What are the key approved documents that you should know?
A - Structure
B - Fire Safety
F - Ventilation
K - Combustion appliances and fuel storage
L - Conservation of fuel and power
M - Access to and use of buildings
P - Electrical safety