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Flashcards in First Aid Deck (19):
0

What are the three objectives of first aid?

To prevent further injury, infection, and the loss of life.

1

What are the four main ways of controlling bleeding?

direct pressure, elevation, pressure points, and use of a tourniquet as a last resort.

2

What is a pressure point?

where a main artery lies near the skin surface and over a bone

3

How many pressure points are there?

22

4

Where are the pressure points?

Temple, jaw, neck, collarbone, inner upper arm, inner elbow, wrist, upper thigh, groin, knee, ankle

5

Third degree burn

Destroys tissue, skin and bone in severe cases, however severe pain may be absent due to nerve endings being destroyed.

6

What are the two types of fractures?

"closed/simple" or "open/compound"; closed/simple is a broken bone without a break in the skin, whereas open/compound has a break in the skin with possible bone protrusion.

7

What is electric shock?

when a person comes into contact with an electric energy source shock occurs

8

What is heat exhaustion?

serious disturbance of blood flow to the brain, heart and lungs

9

What is heat stroke?

breakdown of the sweating mechanism

10

What is hypothermia?

general cooling of the whole body caused by exposure to low or rapidly falling temperature, cold moisture, snow or ice

11

What is deep frostbite?

ice crystals are forming in the deeper tissues after exposure to a temperature of 32 degrees or lower

12

What is superficial frostbite?

when ice crystals are forming in the upper skin layers after exposure to a temperature of 32 degrees or lower.

13

What is shock?

life-threatening medical condition whereby the body suffers from insufficient blood flow throughout the body as a result of severe injury or illness

14

Septic shock

Results from bacteria multiplying in the blood and releasing toxins

15

Anaphylactic shock

severe hypersensitivity or allergic reaction

16

Cardiogenic shock

when the heart is damaged and unable to supply sufficient blood to the body

17

Hypovolemic shock

severe blood and fluid loss, such as from traumatic bodily injury, which makes the heart unable to pump enough blood to the body

18

Neurogenic shock

spinal cord injury, usually as a result of a traumatic accident or injury