First Aid Drug Toxicities & Interactions Flashcards Preview

USMLE High Yield Flashcards > First Aid Drug Toxicities & Interactions > Flashcards

Flashcards in First Aid Drug Toxicities & Interactions Deck (51)
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1

Coronary vasospasm

C-TEAM Cocaine, Triptan, Ergot alkaloids, Amphetamine, Methamphetamine

2

Cutaneous flushing

VANC: Vancomycin, Adenosine, Niacin, Ca2+ channel blockers (amlodipine specifically)

3

Dilated cardiomyopathy

Doxorubicin (Adriamycin), daunorubicin

4

Torsades de pointes

CAMP Class 13a RAT, Chloroquine, Antipsychotics (chlorpromazine, phenothiazide, ziprasidone) Macrolides Protease inhibitors Class 1a:disopyramide, quinidine, procainamide Class 3 (besides amiodirone):ibutilide, dofetilide, sotalol Ranalozine Antihistamines TCA'

5

Agranulocytosis

Dapsone, Clozapine, Carbamazepine, Colchicine, Propylthiouracil, Methimazole (Drugs CCCrush Myeloblasts and Promyelocytes)

6

Aplastic anemia

Carbamazepine, Chloramphenicol, benzene, NSAIDs, propylthiouracil, methimazole

7

Direct Coombs positive hemolytic anemia

Methyldopa, Penicillin

8

Gray baby syndrome

Chloramphenicol

9

Hemolysis in G6PD-deficient patients

Isoniazid (INH), Sulfonamides, Dapsone, Fava Beans, Napthalene, Primaquine, Aspirin, Ibuprofen, Nitrofurantoin (hemolysis IS DFN PAIN)

10

Megaloblastic anemia

Phenytoin, Methotrexate, Sulfa drugs (having a blast with PMS)

11

Thrombocytopenia

Heparin, cimetidine(H2 blocker)

12

Thrombosis

OCPs

13

Cough

ACE inhibitors (note: ARBs like losartan - no cough)

14

Pulmonary fibrosis

Bleomycin, Amiodarone, Busulfan, Methotrexate (Breathing Air Badly from Medications)

15

Acute cholestatic hepatitis

Macrolides (Erythromycin)

16

Focal to massive hepatic necrosis

Halothane, Amanita phalloides, Valproic acid, Acetaminophen (liver HAVAc)

17

Hepatitis

INH

18

Pseudomembranous colitis

Clindamycin, ampicillin, cephalosporins

19

Adrenocortical insufficiency

Glucocorticoid withdrawal (HPA suppression)

20

Gynecomastia

Spironolactone, Digitalis, Cimetidine, chronic Alcohol use, estrogens, Ketoconazole, Pot (Some Drugs Create Awesome Knockers)

21

Hot flashes

Tamoxifen, clomiphene

22

Hypothyroidism

Lithium, amiodarone, sulfonamides (Fat SAL)

23

Hyperglycemia

Tacrolimus, protease inhibitors, Niacin, HCTZ, B blockers, Corticosteroids (Taking Pills Necessiates Having Blood Checked)

24

Fat redistribution

Glucocorticoids, protease inhibitors Fat PiG

25

Gingival hyperplasia

Phenytoin, verapamil, cyclosporine, nifedipine

26

Gout

Furosemide, thiazides, niacin, cyclosporine, pyrazinamide (Painful Tophi and Feet Need Care)

27

Myopathies

Fibrates, Niacin, Colchicine, Hydroxychlorquine, Interferon-α, Penicillamine, Statins, Glucocorticoids, (Fish N CHIPS Give you myopathies)

28

Osteoporosis

Corticosteroids, heparin

29

Photosensitivity

Sulfonamides, Amiodarone, Tetracycline, Quinolone (SAT for a photo)

30

Rash (Stevens Johnson syndrome)

Anti-epileptics (Ethosuximide, Carbamazepine, Lamotrigine, Phenytoin, Phenobarbital) Allopurinol, Sulfa Drugs, Penicillin