First Aid Rapid Review Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in First Aid Rapid Review Deck (448)
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1

Abdominal pain, ascites, hepatomegaly. Disease/Dx?

Budd-Chiari syndrome (posthepatic venous thrombosis)

2

Achilles tendon xanthoma. Disease/Dx?

Familial hypercholesterolemia (dec LDL receptor signaling)

3

Adrenal hemorrhage, hypotension, DIC. Disease/Dx?

Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome (meningococcemia)

4

Anterior "drawer sign" (+). Disease/Dx?

Anterior cruciate ligament injury

5

Arachnodactyly, lens dislocation, aortic dissection, hyperflexible joints. Disease/Dx?

Marfan syndrome (fibrillin defect)

6

Athlete with polycythemia. Disease/Dx?

2° to erythropoietin injection

7

Back pain, fever, night sweats, weight loss. Disease/Dx?

Pott disease (vertebral TB)

8

Bilateral hilar adenopathy, uveitis. Disease/Dx?

Sarcoidosis (noncaseating granulomas)

9

Blue sclera. Disease/Dx?

Osteogenesis imperfecta (type I collagen defect)

10

Bluish line on gingiva. Disease/Dx?

Burton line (lead poisoning)

11

Bone pain, bone enlargement, arthritis. Disease/Dx?

Paget disease of bone (inc osteoblastic and osteoclastic activity)

12

Bounding pulses, diastolic heart murmur, head bobbing. Disease/Dx?

Aortic regurgitation

13

Butterfly facial rash and Raynaud phenomenon in a young female. Disease/Dx?

Systemic lupus erythematosus

14

Café-au-lait spots, Lisch nodules (iris hamartoma). Disease/Dx?

Neurofibromatosis type I (+ pheochromocytoma, optic gliomas)

15

Café-au-lait spots, polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, precocious puberty, multiple endocrine abnormalities. Disease/Dx?

McCune-Albright syndrome (mosaic G-protein signaling mutation)

16

Calf pseudohypertrophy. Disease/Dx?

Muscular dystrophy (most commonly Duchenne): X-linked recessive deletion of dystrophin gene

17

Cherry-red spots on macula. Disease/Dx?

Tay-Sachs (ganglioside accumulation) or Niemann-Pick (sphingomyelin accumulation), central retinal artery occlusion

18

Chest pain on exertion. Disease/Dx?

Angina (stable: with moderate exertion; unstable: with minimal exertion)

19

Chest pain, pericardial effusion/friction rub, persistent fever following MI. Disease/Dx?

Dressler syndrome (autoimmune-mediated post-MI fibrinous pericarditis, 1-12 weeks after acute episode)

20

Child uses arms to stand up from squat. Disease/Dx?

Gowers sign (Duchenne muscular dystrophy)

21

Child with fever later develops red rash on face that spreads to body. Disease/Dx?

Slapped cheeks (erythema infectiosum/fifth disease: parvovirus B19)

22

Chorea, dementia, caudate degeneration. Disease/Dx?

Huntington disease (autosomal dominant CAG repeat expansion)

23

Chronic exercise intolerance with myalgia, fatigue, painful cramps, myoglobinuria. Disease/Dx?

McArdle disease (muscle glycogen phosphorylase deficiency)

24

Cold intolerance. Disease/Dx?

Hypothyroidism

25

Conjugate lateral gaze palsy, horizontal diplopia. Disease/Dx?

Internuclear ophthalmoplegia (damage to MLF; bilateral [multiple sclerosis], unilateral [stroke])

26

Continuous "machine-like" heart murmur. Disease/Dx?

PDA (close with indomethacin; open or maintain with misoprostol)

27

Cutaneous/dermal edema due to connective tissue deposition. Disease/Dx?

Myxedema (caused by hypothyroidism, Graves disease [pretibial])

28

Dark purple skin/mouth nodules in a patient with AIDS. Disease/Dx?

Kaposi sarcoma, associated with HHV-8

29

Deep, labored breathing/hyperventilation. Disease/Dx?

Kussmaul respirations (diabetic ketoacidosis)

30

Dermatitis, dementia, diarrhea. Disease/Dx?

Pellagra (niacin [vitamin B3] deficiency)