Flashcards in First Aide Deck (43)
What are the three objectives to first aide?
Prevent further injury
And loss of life
Fundamental elements of first aide can be categorized into how many main areas?
What are the 4 methods of controlling bleeding?
Tourniquet (as a last resort)
What is a pressure point?
A point on the body where a main artery lies near the skin surface and over a bone.
How many principle pressure points are on each side of the body?
Eleven on each side.
Inner upper arm
Superficial temporal artery?
Anterior/posterior tibial artery?
How many classifications of burns?
First degree burns?
Produce redness, warmth, and mild pain.
Second degree burns?
Cause red, blistered skin, and severe pain
Third degree burns?
Destroys tissue, skin and bone in severe cases, however severe pain may be absent due to nerve endings being destroyed.
How many types of fractures are there?
What are the two types of fractures?
What is an open/compound fracture?
A break in the skin with possible bone protrusion.
What is a closed/simple fracture?
A broken bone without a break in the skin.
Occurs when a person comes into contact with an electric energy source and shock occurs.
Indications of an airway obstruction?
Inability to talk
Grasping and pointing to the throat
Exaggerated breathing efforts
And skin turning a bluish color
What are two types of heat related injuries?
A serious disturbance of blood flow to the brain, heart, and lungs.
A serious condition caused by the breakdown of the sweating mechanism of the body.