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Flashcards in First Aide Deck (43)
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0

What are the three objectives to first aide?

Prevent further injury
Infection
And loss of life

1

Fundamental elements of first aide can be categorized into how many main areas?

Eight.

2

What are the 4 methods of controlling bleeding?

Direct pressure
Elevation
Pressure points
Tourniquet (as a last resort)

3

What is a pressure point?

A point on the body where a main artery lies near the skin surface and over a bone.

4

How many principle pressure points are on each side of the body?

Eleven on each side.

5

Facial artery?

Jaw

6

Brachial artery?

Inner upper arm
Inner elbow

7

Common carotid?

Neck

8

Subclavian artery?

Collar bone

9

Radial/ulnar artery?

Wrist

10

Femoral artery?

Upper thigh

11

Facial artery?

Jaw

12

Superficial temporal artery?

Temple

13

Iliac artery?

Groin

14

Anterior/posterior tibial artery?

Ankle

15

Popliteal artery?

Knee

16

How many classifications of burns?

Three

17

First degree burns?

Produce redness, warmth, and mild pain.

18

Second degree burns?

Cause red, blistered skin, and severe pain

19

Third degree burns?

Destroys tissue, skin and bone in severe cases, however severe pain may be absent due to nerve endings being destroyed.

20

How many types of fractures are there?

Two

21

What are the two types of fractures?

Open/ compound
Closed/ simple

22

What is an open/compound fracture?

A break in the skin with possible bone protrusion.

23

What is a closed/simple fracture?

A broken bone without a break in the skin.

24

Electric shock?

Occurs when a person comes into contact with an electric energy source and shock occurs.

25

Indications of an airway obstruction?

Inability to talk
Grasping and pointing to the throat
Exaggerated breathing efforts
And skin turning a bluish color

26

What are two types of heat related injuries?

Heat exhaustion
Heat stroke

27

Heat exhaustion?

A serious disturbance of blood flow to the brain, heart, and lungs.

28

Heat stroke?

A serious condition caused by the breakdown of the sweating mechanism of the body.

29

Symptoms of heat exhaustion?

Skin is cool, moist, and clammy and the pupils are dilated. Body temperature may be normal or high; the victim is usually sweating profusely.