Flashcards in Fluid Therapy Deck (53)
In what age of equine can SQ fluids be administered?
Shock Dose for Horses
What is the standard catheter used in Equines?
14 gauge 5.25in catheter
What is the flow for 14 gauge catheter in equine?
What is the flow for a 12 gauge catheter in equine?
What is the flow for a 10 gauge catheter in equine?
What is the set up of STAT IV sets?
4 X 5L bags
Large bore coil system
8 feet from the base of the heart
Flow is determined by what in the free flow system?
Height of the horse
Size of all tubing in system
Length of system
Breakage - loss in heart and lung
What can occur from bilateral thrombosis?
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome - edema and closure of the nasal passages
What is the local effect of Hypertonic Saline?
draws fluid from 3rd space and intracellular environment
What is the central effect of Hypertonic Saline?
Stimulates a CNS response favoring CV stability
What are the averse reactions of equines to Hypertonic saline?
What are the contraindications for Hypertonic saline?
What is the most common acid base disturbance of horses?
What is the most common acid base disturbance of Ruminants?
How do you treat acute Hyper/Hypo-natremia?
Rapid Re-establishment of normal range of sodium
How do you treat chronic Hyper/Hypo-natremia within the compensatory range?
Slow establishment of normal range of sodium
How do you treat chronic Hyper/Hypo-natremia outside the compensatory range?
Rapidly drop their level and then slowly bring them back to normal level
What causes Synchronous Diaphragmatic Flutter (SDF)?
underlying electrolyte acid/base disturbance
What is Synchronous Diaphragmatic Flutter (SDF) associated with?
Hyperexcitabilty of phrenic nerve
Contraction of the phrenic nerve with each atrial contraction
What are the clinical signs of Synchronous Diaphragmatic Flutter (SDF)?
HR = RR, Unilateral or bilateral
Physiological saline (0.9% NaCl)
Used for Rapid ECF volume expansion
Hypertonic Saline (7.2% NaCl)
Quick IV volume expansion (resuscitation)
Rapidly draw water from ICF to ECF
Enhance Cardiac function
0.5% Dextrose (D5W)
Good source of free water
Increase plasma oncotic pressure and vascular volume
What type of fluid is LRS (Lactate Ringers Solution)?
Used in cattle or to supplement other fluids
What is the tonicity of 50% Dextrose?