Foot and Ankle Flashcards Preview

Ortho > Foot and Ankle > Flashcards

Flashcards in Foot and Ankle Deck (9):

Bony Palpation

Calcaneus, Sustentaculum, Medial malleolus, Lateral malleolus, Talus, Navicular, Cuboid, 3 Cuneiforms, 5 Metatarsals, Metatarsophalangeal joints


Soft Palpation

Tibialis posterior tendon, Spring ligament, Tibialis anterior tendon, Deltoid ligament, Fibular/peroneus brevis, Achilles tendon, Plantar aponeurosis, Anterior talofibular ligament, Posterior tibial artery, Dorsal pedal artery.


Range Of Motion

Ankle Dorsiflexion: 20 degrees
Ankle Plantarflexion: 50 degrees
Subtalar Inversion: 5 degrees
Subtalar Eversion: 5 degrees
1st MTP Joint Flexion
1st MTP Joint Extension


Drawer Sign(anterior drawer sign of the ankle):

Positive: Translation with the talus moving away from or toward the tibia.
Indicates: 1. With tibia pushed/foot pulled; a tear/instability of the anterior talofibular ligament.
2. With tibia pulled/foot pushed; a tear/instability of posterior talofibular ligament.


Ankle Dorsiflexion Test (Hoppenfeld)

Positive: 1. The Foot cannot dorsiflex with knee extended, but is able to with knee flexed.
Indicates: 1. Contracture of the gastrocnemius muscle
Positive: 2. the foot cannot dorsiflex in either knee position.
Indicates: 2. Contracture of the soleus muscle


Rigid or Supple Flat Feet Test (Hoppenfeld)

Positive: Absence of medial longitudinal arch in both positions.
Indicates: Rigid flat feet
Positive: Presence of medial longitudinal arch while seated with a loss of medial longitudinal arch while standing.
Indicates: Supple flat feet


Homans Sign(DANGER)

(There are sources that Do Not recommend squeezing the calf due to danger of thrombus formation possibly being released into the venous system)
Positive: Deep pain in the calf
Indicates: Deep vein thrombophlebitis.


ThomPson Test

Postive: Absence of foot plantarflexion motion.
Indicates: Achilles Tendon rupture.


Morton Test

Positive: Sharp pain in the forefoot
Indicates: Metatarsalgia or neuroma (usually at the 3rd and 4th metatarsal interspace).