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Gross Anatomy Term 1 > Forearm > Flashcards

Flashcards in Forearm Deck (97):
1

What is the Distal attachment of Abductor pollicis longus

Base of 1st MC

2

What is the Distal attachment of Anconeus

Lateral surface of olecranon + superior part of posterior ulna

3

What is the Distal attachment of Brachioradialis

Radius styloid process

4

What is the Distal attachment of Extensor carpi radialis brevis

Base of 3rd MC

5

What is the Distal attachment of Extensor carpi radialis longus

Base of 2nd MC

6

What is the Distal attachment of Extensor carpi ulnaris

Base of 5th MC

7

What is the Distal attachment of Extensor digiti minimi

Base of 5th proximal phalanx

8

What is the Distal attachment of Extensor digitorum communis

Base of proximal phalanges

9

What is the Distal attachment of Extensor indicis proprius

Dorsal base 2nd distal phalanx

10

What is the Distal attachment of Extensor pollicis brevis

Dorsal base 1st proximal phalanx

11

What is the Distal attachment of Extensor pollicis longus

Dorsal base 1st distal phalanx (passes around Lister's tubercle)

12

What is the Distal attachment of Flexor carpi radialis

Base of 2nd + 3rd metacarpals (MC)

13

What is the Distal attachment of Flexor carpi ulnaris

Thru pisiform to base of 5th MC + hook of hamate

14

What is the Distal attachment of Flexor digitorum profundus

Base of distal phalanges 2-5

15

What is the Distal attachment of Flexor digitorum superficialis

Base of middle phalanges 2-5

16

What is the Distal attachment of Flexor pollicis longus

Base distal phalanx of thumb

17

What is the Distal attachment of Palmaris Brevis

Palm

18

What is the Distal attachment of Palmaris longus

Flexor retinaculum (transverse carpal ligament) + becomes palmar aponeurosis

19

What is the Distal attachment of Pronator quadratus

Anterior distal radius

20

What is the Distal attachment of Pronator teres

Lateral radius (upper 1/2)

21

What is the Distal attachment of Supinator

Posterior ulna

22

What is the proximal attachment of Abductor pollicis longus

Posterior ulna + interosseus membrane

23

What is the proximal attachment of Anconeus

Lateral humeral epicondyle

24

What is the proximal attachment of Brachioradialis

Common extensor origin (lateral epicondyle + supracondylar ridge)

25

What is the proximal attachment of Extensor carpi radialis brevis

Common extensor origin (lateral epicondyle + supracondylar ridge)

26

What is the proximal attachment of Extensor carpi radialis longus

Common extensor origin (lateral epicondyle + supracondylar ridge)

27

What is the proximal attachment of Extensor carpi ulnaris

Common extensor origin (lateral epicondyle + supracondylar ridge)

28

What is the proximal attachment of Extensor digiti minimi

Common extensor origin (lateral epicondyle + supracondylar ridge)

29

What is the proximal attachment of Extensor digitorum communis

Common extensor origin (lateral epicondyle + supracondylar ridge)

30

What is the proximal attachment of Extensor indicis proprius

Posterior ulna + interosseus membrane

31

What is the proximal attachment of Extensor pollicis brevis

Posterior radius

32

What is the proximal attachment of Extensor pollicis longus

Posterior + middle 1/3 ulna

33

What is the proximal attachment of Flexor carpi radialis

Common flexor origin (medial epicondyle + upper ulna)

34

What is the proximal attachment of Flexor carpi ulnaris

Common flexor origin (medial epicondyle + upper ulna)

35

What is the proximal attachment of Flexor digitorum profundus

Common flexor origin (medial epicondyle + upper ulna)

36

What is the proximal attachment of Flexor digitorum superficialis

Common flexor origin (medial epicondyle + upper ulna)

37

What is the proximal attachment of Flexor pollicis longus

Anterior radius + interosseus membrane

38

What is the proximal attachment of Palmaris Brevis

Flexor retinaculum + Palmar aponeurosis

39

What is the proximal attachment of Palmaris longus

Common flexor origin (medial epicondyle + upper ulna)

40

What is the proximal attachment of Pronator quadratus

Anterior distal ulna

41

What is the proximal attachment of Pronator teres

Common flexor origin (medial epicondyle + upper ulna)

42

What is the proximal attachment of Supinator

Lateral humeral epicondyle

43

What innervates Abductor pollicis longus

Radial

44

What innervates Anconeus

Radial

45

What innervates Brachioradialis

Radial

46

What innervates Extensor carpi radialis brevis

Radial

47

What innervates Extensor carpi radialis longus

Radial

48

What innervates Extensor carpi ulnaris

Radial

49

What innervates Extensor digiti minimi

Radial

50

What innervates Extensor digitorum communis

Radial

51

What innervates Extensor indicis proprius

Radial

52

What innervates Extensor pollicis brevis

Radial

53

What innervates Extensor pollicis longus

Radial

54

What innervates Flexor carpi radialis

Median

55

What innervates Flexor carpi ulnaris

Ulnar

56

What innervates Flexor digitorum profundus

Lateral half: Median; Medial half: Ulnar

57

What innervates Flexor digitorum superficialis

Median

58

What innervates Flexor pollicis longus

Median

59

What innervates Palmaris Brevis

Ulnar - superficial branch

60

What innervates Palmaris longus

Median

61

What innervates Pronator quadratus

Median

62

What innervates Pronator teres

Median

63

What innervates Supinator

Radial

64

What movement is performed by Abductor pollicis longus

Extend (away from palm) + abduct (above palm) thumb

65

What movement is performed by Anconeus

Assist/take up slack during extension + stabilize elbow during pro/supination

66

What movement is performed by Brachioradialis

Flex elbow

67

What movement is performed by Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis

Extend + abduct hand @ wrist joint

68

What movement is performed by Extensor carpi radialis longus

Extend + abduct hand @ wrist joint

69

What movement is performed by Extensor carpi ulnaris

Extend + adduct hand @ wrist

70

What movement is performed by Extensor digiti minimi

Extend 5th MP joint

71

What movement is performed by Extensor digitorum communis

Extend digits 2-5 MP joints

72

What movement is performed by Extensor indicis proprius

Extend 2nd digit + wrist

73

What movement is performed by Extensor pollicis brevis

Extend thumb MP joint

74

What movement is performed by Extensor pollicis longus

Extend thumb MP + PIP joints

75

What movement is performed by Flexor carpi radialis

Flex + abduct hand @ wrist

76

What movement is performed by Flexor carpi ulnaris

Flex + adduct hand @ wrist

77

What movement is performed by Flexor digitorum profundus

Flex DIP joint + assist hand flex @ wrist

78

What movement is performed by Flexor digitorum superficialis

Flex MP joint + assist hand flex @ wrist

79

What movement is performed by Flexor pollicis longus

Flex IP joint of thumb

80

What movement is performed by Palmaris Brevis

Pull skin over hypothenar eminence --> deepen palm cup + improve grip

81

What movement is performed by Palmaris longus

Flex hand @ wrist + tighten palmar aponeurosis

82

What movement is performed by Pronator quadratus

Pronate forearm + stabilize wrist

83

What movement is performed by Pronator teres

Pronate forearm

84

What movement is performed by Supinator

Forearm supination

85

What is the cartilage called between the ulna and the lunate?

Articular Cartilage

86

What type of bone is found in the tendon of a muscle?

A sesamoid bone

87

What is the most commonly fractured carpal bone?

Scaphoid

88

What is the most commonly dislocated carpal bone?

The Lunate

89

What is a common injury in children involving the radius?

-Nursemaids elbow
-Dislocation of the radius from the annular ligament

90

What is Dupuytren's Contracture?

-Results from scarring of the palmar aponeurosiss

91

What muscle is affected in Tennis elbow?

-Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis

92

What passes through the anatomical snuff box?

-Radial Artery
-Superficial Radial Nerve

93

What are the contents of the Cubital Fossa?

-Brachial Artery
-Median Nerve
-Biceps Tendon

94

What supplies blood to the proximal half of the scaphoid?

The Anterior interosseous artery

95

What myotomes are tested in the biceps brachii reflex?

C5-7

96

What myotomes are tested in the Tricepts Brachii Reflex?

C6-8

97

What myotomes are tested in the Brachioradialis Reflex?

C5-7