Lower Joint Clinical Correlation Flashcards Preview

Gross Anatomy Term 1 > Lower Joint Clinical Correlation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lower Joint Clinical Correlation Deck (16):
1

What are the 6 most common diagnoses for acute knee injuries?

-ACL tear
-Meniscal tear
-MCL Tear
-Patellar Dislocation
-Fracture
-PCL Tear

2

Diagnoses to not miss related to knee pain?

-Cancer
-RA
-Hip Pathology -SCFE
-Infection -GC
-Neurologic -Discogenic

3

What is the test for Patellar Dislocation?

Apprehension test

4

What is the test for torn meniscus?

-McMurray's.
-Bounce Home.

5

What is the test for ACL tear?

-Lachman's
-Drawer
-Pivot shift

6

What is the test for PCL tear?

Posterior drawer

7

What is the test for MCL tear?

-Valgus

8

What is valgus?

-Knees together

9

What is varus?

-Knees apart

10

What constitutes a Grade I ankle sprain?

-Mild
-Minimal Swelling
-Little to no hemorrhage
-Mild tenderness

11

WHat constitutes a Grade II ankle sprain?

-Moderate

12

What constitutes a Grade III ankle sprain?

-Severe
-Require X-ray

13

What are the 8 common places that are fractured in an ankle?

-5th MT
-Navicular
-Medial Malleolus
-Lat Malleolus
-Joint lines (3)
-Fibula

14

What is the most important strength to build after ankle injury?

-Eversion

15

What are the ottawa Rules for xrays?

-Inability to bear weight
OR
-Pain over posterior edge of distal 6cm of malleoli
OR
-Pain over navicular or 5th MT

16

What are the steps of the physical exam for joint injury?

-Inspection
-Palpation
-Range of motion
-Provocative Tests
-Functional Tests