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Flashcards in Forms Quiz Deck (51)
1

repetition

-creates emphasis; things appearing more than once
-turning and turning

2

passive voice

-noting who the verb happened to (i.e. he was verbed)

3

active voice

-noting who did the verb (i.e. he verbs)

4

word choice

-diction; what words (noun; adjective; etc.) the author chose

5

verb choice

-diction; what words (verbs) the author chose

6

irony

-the expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite
-There are roaches infesting the office of a pest control service.

7

semi-colon

-connecting two related sentences without losing momentum

8

metaphor

-a comparison without using "like" or "as"
-He drowned in a sea of grief.

9

telegraphic sentence

-less than or equal to 5 words; emphasizes content; with some urgency
-Go to class.

10

loose sentence

-the main point at the beginning of the sentence
-I found a large hall, obviously a former garage, dimly lit.

11

periodic sentence

-a sentence which has the main clause at the end
-Proper maintenance, like checking tire pressure, changing the oil and getting tune-ups, will ensure the best gas mileage for your car.

12

balanced sentence

-made up of two parts that are roughly equal in length, importance, and grammatical structure
-Buy a bucket of chicken and have a barrel of fun.

13

declarative sentence

-a sentence that states something and ends with a period
-He is an erudite young man.

14

interrogative sentence

-a sentence that asks a question that ends in a "?"

15

imperative sentence

-a sentence that puts forth a command

16

exclamatory sentence; exclamation; exclamatio

-expresses terrific exhilaration; a sentence that communicates excitement and ends in a "!"

17

oxymoron

-statement of contradictory statements
-jumbo shrimp
-bittersweet
-deafening silence

18

antithesis

-a balanced structure that sets up opposites
-vision without action is daydream; action without vision is nightmare

19

pun

-play on words

20

concrete/abstract examples

-offering real-world connections either literally or figuratively

21

soliloquy

-when a character speaks alone on stage; speaks his thoughts

22

apostrophe

-when a character addresses a certain person or thing with "O"
-O, Rose of Mary

23

alliteration

-when words in a sentence starts with the same sound effect; draw attention to content
-She sells sea shells by the sea shore.

24

double entrendre

-a word for phrase open to two interpretations, one usually risqué
-"If I Said You Had a Beautiful Body, Would You Hold It Against Me?"

25

consonance

-the repetitive sound produced by consonants within a sentence or phrase
-the ship has sailed to the far off shores

26

assonance

-the repetition of a pattern of similar sounds within a sentence; "vowel rhyme"
-the rain in Spain falls mainly in the plains

27

antimetabole

-a literary device that involves repeating a phrase in reverse order
-If you fail to plan, you plan to fail
-Fair is foul and foul is fair

28

anaphora

-the deliberate repetition of the first part of the sentence in order to achieve an artistic effect
-every day, every night, in every way, I am getting better and better

29

aphorism

-a pithy observation that contains a general truth; a short phrase that expresses a true or wise idea
-If it ain't broke, don't fix it
-Easy come, easy go
-Forgive and forget

30

asyndeton

-a practice in literature whereby the author purposely leaves out conjunctions in the sentence, while maintaining grammatical accuracy
-He comes, he sleeps, he goes
-Reduce, Reuse, Recycle
-Without looking, without making a sound, without talking...

31

polysyndeton

-when a writer employs a series of coordinating conjunctions (and, but, or) in succession
-"As mine own face. If there be cords or knives,/Poison, or fire, or suffocating streams,/I'll not endure it"

32

litotes

-ironical understatement in which an affirmative is expressed by the negative of its contrary
-"You won't be sorry"
-"That wasn't bad"

33

hyperbole

-obvious and intentional exaggeration
-“I’ve told you a million times”

34

colloquial

-the use of informal words, phrases or even slang in a piece of writing; colloquialisms are generally geographic in nature
-to bamboozle
-buzz off-go away
-jawn-thing
-y'all-you all

35

connotation

-an idea or feeling that a word invokes in addition to its primary meaning; words can often have a positive or negative connotation
-"Home"--> comfort and security
-"Black"--> sadness

36

denotation

-literal meaning

37

chiasmus

-a literary device in which two clauses have reversed grammatical or logical structures, producing an artistically pleasing effect
-His time a moment, and a point his space.

38

metonymy

-a figure of speech that replaces the name of something with the name of something closely associated
-Let me give you a hand
-Lend me your ears

39

epistrophe

-the repetition of a word at the end of successive clauses or sentences
-Where now? Who now? When now?
-And I want the best, and we need the best, and we deserve the best

40

attitude

-the perspective or tone that a writer adopts in his writing
-Goddamn money! It always ends up making you blue as hell.

41

synecdoche

-when a part of something represents the whole of something else; when the whole of something represents a part of something else
-Boots on the ground

42

sarcasm

-verbal irony with a bend to make a point

43

hortative sentence

-a sentence used to encourage someone to do something
-You can do it!
-You should read the Lemon Tree!

44

imagery

-a vivid descriptive language that appeals to one or more of the senses
-Where the ocean kissed the southern shore.
-A host, of golden daffodils; Beside the lake, beneath the trees, Fluttering and dancing in the breeze. Continuous as the stars that shine, And twinkle on the Milky Way

45

juxtaposition

-the author places a person, concept, place, idea, or theme parallel to another
-All's fair in love and war.
-Beggars can't be choosers.
-Can't teach an old dog new tricks.

46

ethos appeal

-an appeal to ethics, and it is a means of convincing someone of the character or credibility of the persuader
-"Doctors all over the world recommend this type of treatment."

47

pathos appeal

-an appeal to emotion, and is a way of convincing an audience of an argument by creating an emotional response
-"You’ll make the right decision because you have something that not many people do: you have heart."

48

logos appeal

-an appeal to logic, and is a way of persuading an audience by reason
-"In 25 years of driving the same route, I haven’t seen a single deer."

49

similie

-a figure of speech that makes a comparison with "like" or "as"
-Our soldiers are as brave as lions.

50

zeugma

-a figure of speech in which a word applies to two others in a different sense
-His boat sank along with his dreams.

51

isocolon

-involves a succession of sentences, phrases and clauses of grammatically equal length
bicolon- two grammatically equal structures
ex. “American by Birth. Rebel by Choice.”
tricolon- three grammatically equal structures
ex. “That government of the people, by the people, and for the people shall not perish from the earth.”
tetracolon- four parallel grammatical structures
ex. “I’ll give my jewels for a set of beads, /My gorgeous palace for a hermitage, /My gay apparel for an almsman’s gown, /My figured goblets for a dish of wood…”