Flashcards in fractures Deck (66)
what type of fx is strait across?
what type of fx is diagonal?
what type of fx is in many pieces?
what type of fx is two transverse fx's?
what type of fx is rammed?
what is the other name for a buckle fx?
what is the term for when a 2 fx pieces are spread apart farther than normal anatomy?
what is the term for one fractured piece that is shifted out of it's anatomical plane?
what is the term for when a fractured piece is at a new angle?
what is the term for when a fractured piece has slid back over another?
What factors are prognostic indicators for good bone remodeling?
youth, proximity to the physis
what factors are poor prognostic indicators for less bone remodeling?
intra-articular, diaphyseal, malrotation
what is another term for the metaphysis?
salter harris I
salter harris II
salter harris III
salter harris IV
salter harris V
which salter harris is most likely to result in LLD, angular deformity, and significant LTD?
What is the weakest structure: ligaments, physes, or metaphyseal bone?
physes, especially in regards to torsional force
What fx's should be raising red flags for abuse?
posterior ribs, sternum, multiple stages of healing
You are concerned for elbow fx. What are you looking at on your lateral xray?
Check that the anterior line of humerus and mid radius create 90 degree angles in the middle of capitellum.
FOOSH'ing children =
torus fx, need to be casted minimally for 4 weeks
Fx proximal ulna, radial head dislocation
Fx distal radius, distal ulna dislocation
Peak incidence of scaphoid fx's occurs in pt's of what age?
late teens/early 20's
Tx of non-displaced scaphoid fx
tx of displaced scaphoid fx
what artery is at greatest risk during scaphoid fx?