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1

what type of fx is strait across?

transverse

2

what type of fx is diagonal?

oblique

3

what type of fx is in many pieces?

comminuted

4

what type of fx is two transverse fx's?

segmental

5

what type of fx is rammed?

impacted

6

what is the other name for a buckle fx?

torus

7

what is the term for when a 2 fx pieces are spread apart farther than normal anatomy?

distracted

8

what is the term for one fractured piece that is shifted out of it's anatomical plane?

displaced

9

what is the term for when a fractured piece is at a new angle?

angulated

10

what is the term for when a fractured piece has slid back over another?

shortening

11

What factors are prognostic indicators for good bone remodeling?

youth, proximity to the physis

12

what factors are poor prognostic indicators for less bone remodeling?

intra-articular, diaphyseal, malrotation

13

what is another term for the metaphysis?

"flare"

14

salter harris I

physis

15

salter harris II

metaphysis

16

salter harris III

epiphysis

17

salter harris IV

through both

18

salter harris V

crush

19

which salter harris is most likely to result in LLD, angular deformity, and significant LTD?

physeal

20

What is the weakest structure: ligaments, physes, or metaphyseal bone?

physes, especially in regards to torsional force

21

What fx's should be raising red flags for abuse?

posterior ribs, sternum, multiple stages of healing

22

You are concerned for elbow fx. What are you looking at on your lateral xray?

Check that the anterior line of humerus and mid radius create 90 degree angles in the middle of capitellum.

23

FOOSH'ing children =

torus fx, need to be casted minimally for 4 weeks

24

Monteggia Fx:

Fx proximal ulna, radial head dislocation

25

Galeazzi Fx:

Fx distal radius, distal ulna dislocation

26

Peak incidence of scaphoid fx's occurs in pt's of what age?

late teens/early 20's

27

Tx of non-displaced scaphoid fx

thumb spica

28

tx of displaced scaphoid fx

screw fixation

29

what artery is at greatest risk during scaphoid fx?

radial

30

tx of proximal humerus fx

nonoperatively in sling