Flashcards in Functional groups Deck (10):
Define: functional group
Specific atoms/groups of atoms/bonds that give organic molecules its specific properties. Eg. haloalkanes, etc
Alkane chains containing a halogen atom.
The halogen atom in haloalkanes forms a branch. How are these branches named?
The branch becomes is bromo/chloro/fluoro/iodo. Put in front of carbon chain, labelled eg. 1-bromobutane
Define: alcohol (alkanol)
Alkane chains containing a hydroxyl group (OH)
How are alcohols named?
[carbon chain without e]-#-[ol]
Define: carboxylic acid
Alkane chains containing a carboxyl group (COOH)
Are the carboxyl groups in carboxylic acids always on the end?
How are carboxylic acids named?
[carbon chain without e][oic acid]
Alkane cahins containing a NH2 functional group.