Fundamental Vocabulary I Flashcards Preview

Sanskrit for Yoga Teacher's Training 2013 > Fundamental Vocabulary I > Flashcards

Flashcards in Fundamental Vocabulary I Deck (17)
Loading flashcards...
1

Yama

Universal moral commandments.
Patanjali's five yamas: non-violence, truth, non-stealing, continence, and non-coveting

2

Niyama

Self-purification by discipline. The second stage of yoga mentioned by Patanjali.

3

Asana

Posture. The third stage of yoga mentioned by Patanjali.

4

Pranayama

Rhythmic control of breath. Fourth stage of yoga mentioned by Patanjali.

5

Pratyahara

Withdrawal and emancipation of the mind from the domination of the senses and exterior objects. Fifth stage of yoga mentioned by Patanjali.

6

Dharana

Concentration or complete attention. Sixth stage of yoga mentioned by Patanjali.

7

Dhyana

Meditation. Seventh stage of yoga mentioned by Patanjali.

8

Samadhi

A state in which the aspirant is one with the object of his meditation, the Supreme Spirit pervading the universe, where there is a feeling of unutterable joy and peace.

9

Three gunas

Qualities, ingredients or constituents of nature: Sattva (goodness, purity), Rajas (mobility, activity), and Tamas (darkness, ignorance).

10

Aum

All. Conveys "omniscience", "omnipresence" and "omnipotence".

11

Yoga

Union, communion. Derived from the root "yuj" meaning to join, to yoke, to concentrate one's attention on. The union of our will to the will of God, a poise of the soul which enables one to look evenly at life in all its aspects. The chief aim of yoga is to teach the means by which the human soul may be completely united with the Supreme Spirit pervading the universe and thus secure absolution.

12

Guru

Spiritual preceptor, one who illumines the darkness of spiritual doubt.

13

Chakra

Literally, a wheel or circle. Energy (prana) is said to flow in the human body through three main channels (nadis), namely, Susumna, Pingala and Ida. Susumna is situated inside the spinal column. Pingala and Ida start respectively from the right and left nostrils, move up to the crown of the head and course downwards to the base of the spine.

14

Prakriti

Nature, the original source of the material world, consisting of three qualities: sattva, rajas, and tamas.

15

Purusha

the "Self" which pervades the universe. In the Rigveda, a primeval giant that was sacrificed by the gods and from whose body the world and the people were built.

16

Samskara

Mental impression of the past.

17

Samsara

The repeating cycle of birth, life, death and rebirth.