Gallstones Flashcards Preview

Conditions: GI > Gallstones > Flashcards

Flashcards in Gallstones Deck (8):
1

What can form gall stones?

Bile contains cholesterol
- This can form stones

Bile pigments
- Hb products

Mixed stones
- Calcium salts
- Pigment
- Cholesterol

2

What are risk factors associated with gallstone formation?

Smoking
Age
Obesity
- High cholesterol

3

Symptoms?

Astmptomatic

Biliary colic

Cholecystitis and emypema

4

What can gall stones cause if they get stuck in the bile ducts?

Obstructive jaundice
Pancreatitis
Cholangitis

5

What can gallstones cause if they get stuck in the gut?

Gallstone ileus
- Small bowel obstruction (rare)

6

Tests?

Ultrasound
ERCP
LFT's

7

Surgical treatment in chronic cholecystitis?

Cholecystectomy
- Laparoscopic

8

What else can be used to remove gallstones?

Dissolution
- Drugs

Lithotripsy
- Shockwave therapy