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Flashcards in game day 4 Deck (30)
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1

4 types of skull fx

linear, basilar, comminuted, depressed

2

head injury, BP is 70/30, tachycardia - what is happening

hypovolemic shock

3

what is state of pupils when there is diffuse cerebral edema

bilat dilation with sluggish response

4

cushings triad, what it indicates

-inc BP/dec HR/altered breathing &
-indicates inc ICP

5

two most injurious phases of whiplash

2 and 4

6

4 cerebrum lobes/functions

-occip/vision,
-temporal/hearing,
-parietal/sensory,
-frontal/planning & judgem

7

bad idea to stop BF or CSF from head trama

will back up and inc ICP

8

type of skull fx results from pariorbital ecchymosis or battle's sign

basilar frx

9

results from avulsion of a triangular shaped fx from anteroinferior portion of CVB

teardrop fx

10

bruising/swelling of cerebrum in coup-countracoup pattern

cerebral contusion

11

best indicator of a pt status post head injury

level of consciousness

12

traumatic spondylolisthesis of pars/pedicles of C2, often after hyperext wound

hangman's fx

13

pt suffers R focal lesion, contusion/hematoma after head trauma, describe pupil state

L normal, R dilated/fixed resp

14

most imp spinal injury indicator

mechanism

15

3 meningial layers

dura, arachnoid, pia

16

recent spinal trauma, pt reports numbness in groin, trouble making it to bathroom

911/cauda equina

17

how severe whiplash occurs at low speeds

up to pt of vehicle deform, all forces are transferred into pt

18

dmg to cord produces periph vasodilation, periph resist to BF dec, bp falls - cond?

neurogenic shock

19

less injuries if you are aware/unaware in MVA

unaware, no bracing

20

type of fx prod by direct vertical/axial loading of atlas

burst/jefferson frx

21

temp distrub in brain fx due to brain rattled in skull from blow

concussion

22

grading system to meas severity of brain traum and 3 main resp

glasgow scale/ verbal consc, motor consc, eye opening

23

type of dens frx descends into body of c2

type 3 [type 1 at tip, type 2 at base, less likely to heal]

24

cond assoc with skull frx in temp area, blood collects bt skull and meninges

epidural hematoma

25

name struct that connect dens to occip, can be torn when head is turned during rear end collision

alar/check ligs

26

2 reasons why scalp laceration more likely to lead to hypovolemic shock in a child vs adult

higher resting HR, lower BV, larger head to body ratio

27

if force reat enough to cause signif head trauma what should you also assume is present until proven otherwise

neck injury

28

what surrounds brain and sc in space bt arachnoid and pia

csf

29

elderly pt with severe NP and fronta/occip bruising following fall, what cond

dens fx

30

why hyperflex/ext are not req for whiplash to occur

full movement thru ROM isnt necessary bc small amt of time for injury occurs