Gangrene Flashcards Preview

Cardiovascular System > Gangrene > Flashcards

Flashcards in Gangrene Deck (13):
1

What is gangrene.

Gangrene is death of tissue from poor vascular supply.

2

What is gangrene a sign of.

Critical ischaemia.

3

What is the typical appearance of a gangrenous tissue. (2)

Tissues are black and may slough.

4

What is dry gangrene.

It is necrosis in the absence of infection.

5

What is often seen in dry gangrene.

A line of demarcation between the living and dead tissue.

6

What is wet gangrene.

Tissue death and infection occurring together.

7

What is associated with wet gangrene.

Tissue discharge.

8

What is gas gangrene.

It is a subset of necrotizing myositis caused by spore forming clostridial species.

9

What is involved in gas gangrene. (5)

There is rapid onset of:
Myonecrosis.
Muscle swelling.
Gas production.
Sepsis.
Severe pain.

10

What are the risk factors for gas gangrene. (5)

Diabetes.
Trauma (penetrating injuries).
Malignancy.
IVDU.
Following abdominal surgery.

11

What is a typical causative organism of gas gangrene.

Clostridium perfringens.

12

What is gas gangrene historically associated with.

Battlefield wounds.

13

What typically occurs in gas gangrene infection.

Systemic symptoms.