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Flashcards in Myocarditis Deck (7)
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1

What is myocarditis.

Inflammation of the myocardium.

2

What are the causes of myocarditis. (7)

Infection (bacterial viral).
Drugs (penicillin, methyldopa, spironolactone, phenytoin).
Idiopathic (50%).
Radiation.
Toxins.
Vasculitis.
Commonest cause is viruses (flu, hepatitis, mumps, rubeola, coxsacie, polio, HIV).

3

What is the most common viral cause of myocarditis.

Coxasackie virus.

4

What are the symptoms of myocarditis. (9)

Very variable.
It may be asymptomatic.
Chest pain.
Fatigue.
Dyspnoea.
Fever.
Tachycardia.
Heart failure.
Palpitations.
Death.

5

What are the clinical signs of myocarditis. (4)

Often there are none.
Soft S1.
S4.
Pansystolic murmur (MR).

6

What is seen on the ECG of a patient with myocarditis. (4)

ST elevation or depression.
T wave inversion.
Atrial arrhythmias.
Transient AV block.

7

What are the complications of myocarditis. (3)

Heart failure.
Chronic myocarditis.
Dilated cardiomyopathy.