General Abdomen Flashcards Preview

Abdomen > General Abdomen > Flashcards

Flashcards in General Abdomen Deck (16)
Loading flashcards...
0

Retroperitoneal structures

Kidneys and ureters, adrenal glands, IVC, aorta, pancreas, parts of duodenum, asc and desc colon, prostate, lymph nodes, uterus, bladder

1

Name tumors associated with MEN multiple endocrine neoplasic syndrome

Pituitary Adenoma, parathyroid Adenoma, medullary thyroid carcinoma, panc islet cell tumor, phenochromocytoma

2

AIDs patients

Hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, lymphadenopathy, hyperechoic liver and renal parenchyma, liver abscess, met Kaposi Sarcoma, acute cholecystitis

3

Crus of diaphragm is ___ to aorta, ____ to celiac axis, _____ to IVC, ___ & ___ to adrenal glands

Ant to aorta
Sup to celiac axis
Post to ivc
Medial and post to adrenals

4

Abscess

Complex collection, cystic and solid, debri, septations, gas, irregular thick borders, post enhancement

Fever, leukocytosis

5

Hematomas

Echogenic at first, anechoic later on. Long standing hematomas may have calcifications

6

Arterio-venous shunt

Abnormal connection between an artery and a vein.
May present as bruit or thrill and hypertension, cardiomegaly, and heart failure

Most caused by trauma. Can also be caused from surgery, biopsy, inflammation, or neoplasm. May be congenital.

Artery side will have low resistance, vein will be pulsatile aka arterialized venous waveform

7

Baker's Cyst

Collection of synovial fluid found in the popliteal fossa
Commonly located medial in the fossa

Caused by trauma, rheumatoid arthritis. May become infected or compress the pop vein causing calf swelling.

8

Acceleration time

Time from beginning of systoli to initial peak velocity

9

Acceleration index

Dividing acceleration slope by transmitted frequency

10

Duodenum

1st part: transverse oriented. Originated from pylorus. Cbd and GDA run post to it.
2nd: long oriented. Lateral to panc head.
3rd: transverse. Between SMA and aorta.
4th: long. Left of aorta. Terminates at jejunum.

11

Normal lymph node length

< 1 cm

12

2 structures post to ivc

Rt renal artery, rt adrenal gland

13

2 structures post to 1st part of duodenum

Cbd GDA

14

Structure post to 3rd part of duodenum

Aorta

15

Structure post to panc head

Ivc