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Flashcards in General deck 2 Deck (72)
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1

Which hemorrhoids are often symptom free unless defecating?

extrenal (thrombosed)

2

Which hemorrhoids are often painful and have bloody defecation?

internal (prolapsed)

3

rectal prolapse:

strain produces donut shaped anus

4

Rectal fissure:

linear tear, bloody defecation

5

Rectal polyps:

firm, palpable growth

6

dull percussion over lung fields equals:

fluid, bacterial pneumonia, CHF, pulmonary edema

7

hyper resonant percussion over lung fields equals:

air, COPD, emphysema, pneumothorax

8

Massive pleural effusion ______ fremitus

decreases, stops lung vibration because fluid is outside the lung

9

Wheezing:

musical rales, crackles, high pitched sound usually indicating asthma

10

Stridor:

inspiratory crowing, highest pitch noise indicating a medical emergency

11

Prolonged expiration:

COPD

12

Respiratory lag:

pneumothorax

13

Friction rub:

pleurisy (rapid, shallow breathing)

14

Friction rub heard in the abdomen indicates:

enlarged viscera

15

All adventitious noises represent:

fluid in the lungs

16

Cheyne stokes:

rhythmical apnea (brain lesion)

17

Biot's:

aka ataxic respiration, irregular apnea indicating medulla involvement

18

Kussmaul:

air hunger, associated with a diabetic coma, deep breathing

19

Hyperventilation:

rapid breathing, circumoral tingling

20

What is the treatment for hyperventilation?

carbon dioxide (breath into bag)

21

pink puffer and "balloon lungs" are associated with:

emphysema

22

blue bloater:

chronic bronchitis

23

Yellow-green sputum:

bronchiectasis, chronic bronchitis

24

rusty sputum:

pneumococcal

25

red current jelly sputum:

klebsiella

26

foul sputum:

lung abcess

27

pink sputum:

strep

28

pink and frothy sputum:

CHF, pulmonary edema

29

red sputum:

TB, infarct, cancer

30

green sputum, night sweats, general chest pain:

bacterial pneumonia