General deck 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in General deck 3 Deck (59)
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1

Systolic murmur head over apex:

mitral prolapse

2

Low pitched murmur on rt side of sternum:

aortic stenosis

3

Left peri-sternal diastolic murmur:

tricuspid stenosis

4

Ejection click in late systolic in standing position:

mitral regulation

5

S1 splitting:

usually heard near tricuspid location, AV valves out of sync

6

Physiological S2 splitting:

S2 during inspiration (normal in children and athletes heard best on pulmonic valve site)

7

Pathological S2 splitting:

S2 always split, caused by hypertension

8

S4 arterial gallop:

arterial gallop, heard at apex, associated with pulmonic stenosis and pulmonary hypertension. always pathological

9

Midsystolic murmur:

semilunar stenosis

10

Pansystolic murmur:

AV regurgitation (pan means all through systole (S1 and S2)

11

Stills murmur:

innocent" murmur heard in children

12

Machinery murmur:

patent ductus arteriosis, persistent opening between two major blood vessels exiting heart after birth

13

Atrial flutter or fibrillation:

strong association with clot formation (stroke potential)

14

1st sign of heart failure:

fatigue

15

Right sided heart failure is called:

cor pulmonale

16

Right sided heart failure (cor pulmonale) is caused by:

pulmonary hypertension, right ventricular hypertrophy, right ventricular failure (fatigue)

17

Right sided heart failure (cor pulmonale) is results in:

edema, portal hypertension, jugular distension

18

Left sided heart failure is:

congestive heart failure

19

Left sided heart failure (congestive heart failure) is caused by:

systemic hypertension, left ventricular hypertrophy, left ventricular failure(fatigue)

20

Left sided heart failure (congestive heart failure) results in:

pulmonary edema and effusion, pulmonary hypertension, inspiratory and expiratory crackles

21

Cardiac output =

one minute of ventricle output

22

Stroke volume =

one beat of ventricle output

23

Cuff sound aka:

Korotkoff

24

cuff problems =

high readings

25

Ausculatory gap usually indicates

hypertension

26

Bruits and thrills indicate:

turbulence

27

Pericarditis:

inflammation around the heart, rub present (4th intercostal)

28

Endocarditis:

infection of the heart muscle itself (strep most common)

29

EKG aka ECG evaluates:

heart rhythms (MI, arrhythmias)

30

Echocardiogram evaluates:

chamber size and fluid (murmurs, CHF, carditis)