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Geography - IB MYP 5 > Geopolitical Concepts > Flashcards

Flashcards in Geopolitical Concepts Deck (48)
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1

Realism focuses on...

States

2

Liberalism focuses on....

more on businesses rather than states

3

Liberal people...

Never go to war

4

Conflict

A major component of the international system

5

EU is

A liberal institution

6

Goals are

Beneficial to everyone

7

Realists don't believe in...

schemes which may provide peace in the world

8

Realists see the world as

Tragic and evil

9

Realists are not

Angels

10

Realists believe

You can not promote democracy

11

Realists may not want a conflict

to prove something or want to get involved

12

Criticism of realism

is when people believe everything is going against you

13

Liberals would say (about war)

A real war promotes democracy

14

Realists would say (about war)

a real war promotes national interest and that danger of war is always lurking in the background

15

Any good foreign policy goal

is to have good ideas, aspirations, viewing the world from where it is, how it is better than where it was before

16

Realists support

Dictators

17

Idealist

League of nations

18

U.S. Are involved with basis in the pacific because

of World War Two and Cold War they finished with claimed territory and they made the basis more solid

19

3 level system which believes the world is in 3 categories

The world systems theory

20

World systems theory categories

Core, periphery, semi periphery

21

Core are dominant...

capitalist countries that exploit periphery countries

22

Cores are powerful and

don't rely on anyone

23

Location of first core region

Europe

24

Periphery countries have

unstable government maybe run by someone else, cheap labour and industries not growing

25

Periphery countries are also referred to as

Third world countries

26

First country to be named periphery

Latin America

27

Semi Periphery countries fall

In the middle of the economic spectrum

28

A Semi periphery country

Is a combination of both periphery countries and core countries

29

Name for countries outside the system

External countries

30

Example of external country

Russia

31

Core country locations

North America, Europe, Japan

32

Peripheral country examples

South America, and some Asian countries

33

Semi peripheral country examples

India, Brazil, South Africa

34

How can the categories of the world systems theory be affected?

by shift in power, geographic expansion, recessions and growth

35

Even though the world economy is changing

Counties mainly stay within the 3 groups

36

Communist countries

Opt out of the world systems theory

37

The world systems theory was developed

In the 60s

38

What is NATO

The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, it is an independent military alliance

39

Purpose of NATO

The main purpose of NATO is for the group of countries to defend each other from the possibility of communist Soviet Union taking control of their nation

40

EU definition

The EU is a politico-economic Union of 28 member states which are all located primarily in Europe

41

What role has the EU played on armed conflicts

Not particularly useful in armed conflicts

42

Definition of the UN

The UN (United Nations) is an intergovernmental organisation to promote international cooperation.

43

How many members in NATO

28

44

Members of EU

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the UK.

45

Liberal definition

international system creating opportunities for conflict and cooperation

46

Spykman said....

The inner crescent was the rimland - stressing the importance of intra rimland competition

47

Halford Mackinder

eurasian geopolitical struggle was a contest between landpower in the inner crescent

48

Where is the rimland?

between the Heartland and marginal sea powers