Geopolitics Vocab Flashcards Preview

Geography - IB MYP 5 > Geopolitics Vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in Geopolitics Vocab Deck (16)
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1

State

A formal group that is sovereign over its members and couples a well defined territory. It is the formal apparatus of authoritative roles and law norms through which that sovereignty is exercised

2

Balance of power

Parity or stability between competing forces

3

Multipolarity

Four or more centres of power

4

Hegemony

Leadership or predominant influence excised by one nation over others

5

(National) security

A government should protect the state and the safety/wellbeing of all its citizens against all "national" crises. This can entail a variety of power projections such as political power, diplomacy, economic power, and military might

6

Bilateral

Action or decision performed by two countries involved in a situation

7

Unilateral

Action or decision performed by a country involved in a situation without an agreement of another or the others

8

Multilateral

Action or decision performed by multiple countries involved in a situation

9

Encirclement

A military term for the situation when a force or target is isolated and surrounded by enemy forces

10

(National) sovereignty

The full right and power of a governing body to govern itself without any interference from outside sources or bodies

11

Natural resources

Materials or substances occurring in nature which can be exploited for economic gain

12

Primacy

Being pre-eminent or most important

13

Containment

A policy of checking the expansion or influence of a hostile power or ideology, as by the creation of strategic alliances or support of client States in areas of conflict or unrest

14

Sphere of influence

A spatial region over which a state has a level of cultural, economic, or political exclusivity, accommodating to the interests of powers outside its borders of the state that controls it.

15

Statecraft

The art of government and diplomacy

16

Nation State

Sovereign state of which most of the citizens or subjects are united, also by factors which define a nation, such as a language or common descent