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Geography - IB MYP 5 > Urban Environments > Flashcards

Flashcards in Urban Environments Deck (38)
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1

The Burgess and Hoyt model were put together....

To model how a 'typical' city is laid out

2

3 limits to the Burgess model

1. The model is quite old and was developed before mass car ownership
2. New working and housing trends have emerged, people now live and work outside the city, something not reflected by the model
3. Every city is different - there is no 'typical' one

3

Describe the Burgess model....

Round, a complete circle, surrounding the CBD

4

The (urban) Hoyt model is....

A modification of the burgess model.

5

Base of the burgess model....

A category system revolving around how high value land is closer to the CBD and the competition for land meaning buildings of high rise and density

6

The bid rent theory....

Describes price and demand for real estate, and how that changes depending on distance from a city's CBD. Also judges how retails boosts profitability.

7

Difference between the Hoyt and Burgess model

Rather than being round, the Hoyt model describes how an area expands out of the CBD following a road or railway

8

What is the LEDC model?

The LEDC model is similar to the other urban models however it models a 'typical' LEDC city

9

Categories of the Hoyt and Burgess models

CBD, Factories/Industry, WC housing, MC housing, Commuter zone (Burgess), HC housing (Hoyt)

10

Favelas

Category in the LEDC model - poor quality, self built housing

11

Periferia

Category in the LEDC model - informal housing, improvement over time, more permanent

12

Categories in the LEDC model

Favelas, Periferia, CBD, Industry, High-cost housing

13

Shape of LEDC model

Similar to the Hoyt model

14

Difference between LEDC and MEDC cities

In LEDCs the poorest housing is closest to the CBD, where high quality housing is for MEDCs

15

A similarity between LEDC and MEDC cities

Both of them have a CBD

16

The Hoyt model is also named

The sector model

17

The burgess model is also named

The concentric zone model

18

The Mann Model....

Combines both the Hoyt and Burgess models

19

What is different about the Mann model?

It describes the age of the housing, as well as more in depth tiers (upper MC and lower MC)

20

What is an edge city?

A modern suburban area that acts as a CBD. It contains malls, businesses, jobs, transport, and entertainment

21

The Ullman and Harris model is also named

The multi nuclei theory

22

What is different about the Ullman and Harris model?

Different shape, shows that cities are becoming less dependent on CBDs, 9 sectors each with an individual purpose

23

Sectors of the Ullman and Harris model

CBD, Light manufacturing, LC homes, MC homes, UC homes, Heavy manufacturing, Outlying BD, Residential suburb, Industrial suburb

24

Edge cities are also known as

A 'suburban core’ or a ‘mini city’

25

Where are edge cities located?

In the suburbs of a larger city. For example Croydon or Canary Wharf

26

Settlement function

primary function ie: centre of education, centre of administration, centre of trade or commerce. Cities have more functions as they grow larger

27

Function

What settlement is there for

28

Sphere of influence

influence is based on cultural, economic, cultural, or political
The range comes with different factors - max someone wants to travel from one place to another, can be based on transport facilities. For specialist services you will travel further. An airport having international flights - people will travel further for that

29

Settlement hierarchy

concept, based around the idea of the influence
System of categorising importance of a country. They look for strong businesses and strong economy. Terms used aren't legally bound so they don't mean a lot officially. City would have high order places - for example chain restaurants. Larger places offer more, and have more functions, larger population, extra services. Not high order would have a surgery, post office - generic locations

30

Global city

A “Global City” is a city which has a strong node in the global economic system

31

Factors that influence whether a city is global or not

Connectivity
Diversity
Environment
International HQs

32

How are global cities ranked

The Global Cities index ranks 125 cities based on their human capital, business activity, information exchange, political engagement, and cultural experience. Currently London is the highest ranked city, Asia and europe dominate the top 10.

33

Site factors

Water supply, away from floods, building materials, shelter from winds, fuel supply, natural harbour, flat land to build on

34

What are site factors

More so the physical characteristics of a location and the naturalistic features

35

Urbanisation

The increasing number of people that migrate from rural to urban areas. They do this because of the mechanisation in farming

36

90% of the U.K.

Lives in urbanised areas

37

Urbanisation is increasing rapidly within

LEDCs

38

When people choose to go from an urban area to rural, this is called

Counter-urbanisation