Flashcards in Germany KQ2 Deck (17):
Why do the nazis gain power?
1926-goebbels in charge of propaganda
1930- Hindenburg lets chancellor use article 48, people lose confidence in the government
1932- hitler 4-5 rallies per day
How did the nazis do in July 1932?
37.5% of votes, biggest party in reichstag
Why was hitler Denied the chance to be chancellor, even though the nazis were the biggest party and who was elected instead?
Hindenburg hated hitler, he elected Von papen instead
Who replaced Von papen?
Von schleicher, the members of the reichstag didn’t like Von papen, they didn’t like Von Schleicher either
What deal did hitler make
He would be chancellor and Von papen vice, Hindenburg reluctantly agreed, 30th jan 1933- hitler becomes chancellor
What problems did hitler have?
Only 2 out of 12 ministers were nazi
Less than half the seats were nazi
Hindenburg could sack hitler at any time
Feb 1933 Dutch communist van der lubbe is found near to a burning reichstag, hitler blames him and the communists are banned from campaigning
March 1933 used article 48 to make decisions without reichstag approval for 4 years removed civil rights and made nazis only party
Night of the long knives
The SS were tasked with murdering possible enemies to the nazis, this included Ernst Rohm, the sa leader, as he knew the sa were too strong.
Who dies in August 1934
Hindenburg, hitler is now führer
What does gleichstaltung mean?
Control of every part of life. Trade unions banned, workers part of nazi union. Boys in hitler youth, no local governments.
Led by himmler, they were hitler’s personal bodyguard
Dealt with opposition violently
Part of SS led by Heydrich, arrest without trial, political opponents and Jews in concentration camps
Peoples court put enemies on trial, hitler made all laws, nazis could get away with anything
Cheap and easy
Nazi youth and SS portrayed very well, nazi posters
1926 der angriff “the attack” started off weekly and then became daily with the purpose of attacking political opponents and Jews