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Flashcards in GI Deck (25):
1

hepatocellular carcinoma risk

a1-AT deficiency
hemochromatosis
adenoma
hep B or C
cirrhosis
aflatoxin

2

GI nerve bundles

Meissner's - submucosa
Auerbach's - b/w muscularis propria layers

3

LKM-1 antibodies

autoimmune hepatitis

4

acute transplant rejection

weeks
CD8 cells attack MHC

5

primary biliary cirrhosis

primary sclerosing cholangitis

AMA, autoimmune

pANCA, beads, in UC or cancer

6

cholangitis Reynold's pentad

RUQ pain
fever
jaundice
+ low BP
+ mental status change

7

vasculitis treatments:
Giant cell
Kawasaki
Polyarteritis nodosa
Wegeners


high prednisone
IVIG, high aspirin
steroids +/- cyclophosphamids
cyclophosphamide, steroids

8

cANCA
pANCA
no ANCA

Wegeners, microscopic polyangitis
Churg-Strauss
Polyarteritis nodosa

9

cavernous hemangioma

common benign
vascular space with single epithelial layer
fatal hemorrhage if biopsy

10

EHEC

shiga-like AB5 toxin
remove adenine
prevent tRNA binding to 60S

11

secretin

from duodenum
increases bicarb

12

99mmTc pertechnetate scan

detects Meckel/ompalomesenteric duct

13

hereditary pancreatitis

trypsinogen or SPINK1 gene mutation

14

always involved in Hirschsprung

rectum

15

pancreatitis causes

pseudocyst in lesser sac
no epithelial lining

16

ground glass cytoplasm in liver

hep B, not C
from HBsAg

17

liver and psych

Wilson disease

18

early to late colon adenoma

KRAS

19

late colon adenoma to adenocarcinoma

p53 and DCC

20

H pylori location

gastric antrum

21

Whipple disease

malabsorption - PAS + granule macrophages
arthritis
neuro

22

calories

4 = protein/carb
7 = alcohol
9 = fat

23

polygenic

alopecia
epilepsy
CAD
schizo
glaucoma
HT
cancer
DM type II

24

hypercholesterolemia

primary biliary cirrhosis

25

tuberculoid vs. lepromatous leprosy

positive skin test
cell mediated Th1
low bacterial load

negative
humoral Th2
high
higher antibody