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Flashcards in UWorld Deck (38):
1

amaurosis fugax

transient, painless
embolus in ophthalmic artery

2

sweat odor

apocrine - vesicle bound to follicle

vs. eccrine sweat NaCl to skin

3

copper chelators

trientine
penicillamine

4

malignant acanthosis nigricans

gastric adenocarcinoma

5

togavirus

rubella
PA/occipital lymphadenopathy

6

coagulates cytoplasm

chlorhexidine
not sporicidal

7

ecthyma granulosum

pseudomonas
skin patches with necrosis
burns, neutropenia, catheters

8

decreased O2 and CO2 in blood

alveolar hyperventilation
after pneumonia or PE

has increased respiratory drive, losing CO2

9

mullerian inhibiting factor

from Sertoli cells

10

lipid absorption

jejunum

11

treat steph epi on valve

vanco then nafcillin

12

menopause

high FSH

13

PCOS

high LH

14

bronchiolitis obliterans

chronic lung rejection

15

Schilling test

B12 absorption is normal
but diet may be low...

16

increased fetal urination

CO increase from alloimmunization, parvovirus, hemorrhage

17

high altitude changes

PaO2 to resp alkalosis
PaCO2 decrease, pH increase

18

1st pharyngeal membrane

tympanic membrane

19

4th pharyngeal pouch

superior PT glands

20

3rd pharyngeal pouch

palatine crypt epithelium

21

pancytopenia

SLE

22

prevent GBS baby

penicilin
ampicillin

23

cocaine intox

mydriasis
seizures
chest pain
HT, tachycardia

24

no LES relaxation

achalasia
"bird-beak"

25

increases cAMP, causing edema and phagocyte dysfunction

Anthrax edema factor - acts like AC
Pertussis toxin - ADP ribosylates Gi
Pertussis AC toxin - acts like AC

ETEC heat labile - AC
Campylobacter enterotoxin - AC
Bacillus cereus heat labile enterotoxin - AC
Cholera toxin - AC

26

C dif toxins

A - activates neutrophils, diarrhea
B - depolymerizes actin, causing pseudomembrane and necrosis

27

Shiga toxin

disables 60S

28

inctivate EF2

diptheria toxin
pseudomonas exotoxin A

29

activate guanylate cyclase

ETEC heat stable toxin
Yersinia enterotoxin

30

CFTR

ATP gated

31

intranuclear and cytoplasmic inclusions

CMV
linear ulceration in esophagus

32

pulmonary HT association

CREST

33

Protein A

IgA protease

Staph aureus
binds Fc

Strep pneumo, neisseria

34

stained blue on Loeffler medium

Corynebacteriam diptheria
intracellular polyphosphate granules

35

c-myc

chr 8
Burkitt's lymphoma 8;14

36

acute pancreatitis caused by

recent ERCP procedure
azathioprine, furosemide, valproic acid
mumps, coxsackie, mycoplasma
TAG
hyperCa

37

nimodipine

stop vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage

38

primary sclerosing cholangitis

UC associated
high alkfos