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Flashcards in GI Deck (154)
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1

Food poisoning as a result of food sitting out too long

Staph aureus

2

Not effective cleanser in preventing transmission of C dif

Alcohol based sanitizer

3

Rice-water stools

Cholera or ETEC

4

Which anti-lipid rx binds C dif toxin

Cholestyramine

5

Diarrhea + recent ingestion of water from stream

Giardia, E. histolytica

6

Diarrhea from seafood

Vibrio cholera, parahaemolytica

7

Dehydrated child with greenish diarrhea in winter months

Rotavirus

8

Diarrhea -- > pink eye

Adenovirus

9

Treatment of Hep B

IFN alpha (standard or pegylated) or antiviral such as lamivudine, adefovir, entecavir, or telbivudine

10

Treatment of Hep C

Pegylated IFN + ribavirin

11

What anatomical structures are highlighted in barium swallow

Esophagus, LES, stomach

12

What anatomical structures are highlighted in gastric emptying study

STomach, pyloric sphincter, duodenum

13

What anatomical structures are highlighted in small bowel follow through

Stomach to terminal ileum

14

What anatomical structures are visualized with barium enema

Colon, appendix

15

Difference between Mallory Weiss and Boerhaave syndrome

Mallory Weiss is less serious and is a mucosal laceration. Boerhaavee is esophageal rupture.

16

Bloody diarrhea from poultry

Salmonella or campylo

17

Next step after H&P in workup of patient complaining of dysphagia

Barium swallow

18

Meds that can be used in treatment of DES and achalasia

Nifedipine, CCBs, nitrates

19

Anti depressant used to treat DES

TCAs

20

Tx of entamoeba histolytica

Metronidazole

21

Tx of Giardia

Metronidazole

22

Treatment of salmonella or shigella

Try not to treat salmonella but if its really severe give them a FQ or TMP-SMX. Same for shigella.

23

Tx of campylobacter

Erythromycin

24

2 systemic causes of parotid disease

Sarcoidosis, neoplasm

25

Difficulty swallowing both liquids and solids

Neuromuscular pathology

26

Complications of myotomy in treatment of achalasia

GERD

27

Nitrates relieve pain of DES but exacerbate pain of?

GERD

28

Neck mass that increases in size while drinking liquids

Zenker's diverticulum

29

Zenkers 

30

Diffuse esophageal spasm